Margaret of Austria

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Margaret of Austria,

1480–1530, Hapsburg princess, regent of the Netherlands; daughter of Emperor Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1459–1519, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493–1519), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. As emperor, he aspired to restore forceful imperial leadership and inaugurate much-needed administrative reforms in the increasingly
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. She was betrothed (1483) to the dauphin of France, later King Charles VIIICharles VIII,
1470–98, king of France (1483–98), son and successor of Louis XI. He first reigned under the regency of his sister Anne de Beaujeu. After his marriage (1491) to Anne of Brittany, he freed himself from the influence of the regency and prepared to conquer
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, and was transferred to the guardianship of Louis XI of France (see Arras, Treaty ofArras, Treaty of.
1 Treaty of 1435, between King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Through it, France and Burgundy became reconciled. Philip deserted his English allies and recognized Charles as king of France.
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, (2)). After Charles renounced the treaty and married Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany,
1477–1514, queen of France as consort of Charles VIII from 1491 to 1498 and consort of Louis XII from 1499 until her death. The daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany, she was heiress to his duchy.
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, Margaret was returned (1493) to her father. She was married in 1497 to John of Spain (d. 1497), son of Ferdinand and Isabella, and in 1501 to Philibert of Savoy (d. 1504). Made (1507) regent of the Netherlands and guardian of her nephew Charles (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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), Margaret acted as intermediary between her father and his subjects in the Netherlands, negotiated a treaty of commerce with England favorable to the Flemish cloth interests, and played a role in the formation of the League of Cambrai (1508; see Cambrai, League ofCambrai, League of,
1508–10, alliance formed by Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, King Louis XII of France, Pope Julius II, King Ferdinand V of Aragón, and several Italian city-states against the republic of Venice to check its territorial expansion.
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). After his majority (1515), Charles rebelled against her influence, but soon recognized her as one of his wisest advisers. After 1517 she was again regent intermittently until her death. She negotiated the Ladies' Peace with Louise of Savoy (1529; see Cambrai, Treaty ofCambrai, Treaty of,
called the Ladies' Peace,
treaty negotiated and signed in 1529 by Louise of Savoy, representing her son Francis I of France, and Margaret of Austria, representing her nephew Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
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).

Bibliography

See biography by J. de Iongh (tr. 1953).

Margaret of Austria

 

Born Jan. 10, 1480, in Brussels; died Dec. 1, 1530, in Mechelen. Hapsburg regent (for Maximilian I and then for Charles V) in the Netherlands from 1507 to 1530. Daughter of Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy.

Margaret of Austria carried out a policy of strengthening the power of the Hapsburgs; she fought against the political independence of the feudal aristocracy and the separatism of the towns.

References in classic literature ?
Nothing was to be heard but imprecations on the Flemish, the provost of the merchants, the Cardinal de Bourbon, the bailiff of the courts, Madame Marguerite of Austria, the sergeants with their rods, the cold, the heat, the bad weather, the Bishop of Paris, the Pope of the Fools, the pillars, the statues, that closed door, that open window; all to the vast amusement of a band of scholars and lackeys scattered through the mass, who mingled with all this discontent their teasing remarks, and their malicious suggestions, and pricked the general bad temper with a pin, so to speak.
This, and the more "noble" costumes of all the women in the manuscript, make plausible her view that this was a work commissioned by a woman at court, possibly Anne of Brittany, Marguerite of Austria, or Anne de Beaujeu.
It will no doubt become indispensable to scholars of Netherlandish music and culture, particularly the Burgundian-Habsburg courts of Philip the Fair, Marguerite of Austria, and Charles V.
Lowinsky [London: Oxford University Press, 1976], 181-216) of a then-current view (reproduced here) regarding Josquin's contacts with the court of Marguerite of Austria and with Charles.
Ironically, although Frederick's choir itself never matched those of either Maximilian, Philippe le beau, Marguerite of Austria, or Charles V, his impressive collection of choirbooks now outshines theirs.
Patronage and Personal Narrative in a Music Manuscript: Marguerite of Austria, Katherine of Aragon, and London Royal 8 G.
The Spaniard gifted both this and another Van Eyck he owned to Marguerite of Austria, whom Hicks likewise paints with a true biographer's eye for detail, character and narrative intrigue.
Mrs Hicks' own view is that it is a family portrait meant for the family and the various objects shown had meaning for the Arnolfini family, She writes not just about the painting but includes chapters on van Eyck, fifteenth-century Bruges, the earliest owner (after the Arnolfinis), Don Diego de Cuevara, a Spanish 'civil servant' working for the Habsburgs who gave it to Marguerite of Austria, Regent of The Netherlands who gave it to Marie of Hungary, Marguerite's niece and the next owner, Philip II, who inherited it from Marie.