Maria Christina


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Maria Christina

(märē`ä krēstē`nä), 1806–78, queen of Spain, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies. The fourth wife of Ferdinand VIIFerdinand VII,
1784–1833, king of Spain (1808–33), son of Charles IV and María Luisa. Excluded from a role in the government, he became the center of intrigues against the chief minister Godoy and attempted to win the support of Napoleon I.
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, she persuaded him to confirm (1833) the original revocation (1789) of the Salic lawSalic law
, rule of succession in certain royal and noble families of Europe, forbidding females and those descended in the female line to succeed to the titles or offices in the family.
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 to allow their daughter Isabella to succeed him. At the king's death (1833) Maria Christina became regent for Isabella IIIsabella II,
1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina. Her uncle, Don Carlos, contested her succession under the Salic law, and thus the Carlist Wars began (see Carlists).
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. In the Carlist Wars (see CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
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) that this succession provoked, she was aided by the liberals, but the frequent changes in the constitution alienated their support. The opposition of EsparteroEspartero, Baldomero, duque de la Victoria, conde de Luchana
, 1793–1879, Spanish general and statesman. He fought against the French in the Peninsular War (1808–14) and later against the revolutionists in South America.
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 forced her to resign the regency, and she went to France (1840). She returned after Espartero's overthrow (1843) and regained influence. She had to yield to Espartero again in 1854 but remained a powerful figure to the end of Isabella's turbulent reign in 1868.

Maria Christina

(märē`ä krēstē`nä), 1858–1929, queen of Spain, consort of Alfonso XIIAlfonso XII,
1857–85, king of Spain (1874–85), son of Isabella II. He went into exile with his parents at the time of the revolt of the Carlists in 1868 and was educated in Austria and England.
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. An Austrian archduchess, she was married to Alfonso in 1879. After his death, she was regent (1886–1902) for his posthumous son, Alfonso XIIIAlfonso XIII,
1886–1941, king of Spain (1886–1931), posthumous son and successor of Alfonso XII. His mother, Maria Christina (1858–1929), was regent until 1902.
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, but took very little part in political affairs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The team consisted of: Maria Christina Andreou (Pascal English School Nicosia), Miriam Marancos, (English School Kyrenia), Kaan Ibrahim (English School Kyrenia), Andreas Damianou (Pascal Greek School Limassol), Elpida Phithak (Foley's School).
Contractor name : SAI KIT TAM, MARIA CHRISTINA TAM & PETER MAN LEUNG TAM
Taken together, this scholarship contextualises the collecting of the founder of the Albertina, Prince Albert Casimir of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (1738-1822), grandson of Augustus the Strong of Saxony, and his wife, Archduchess Maria Christina (1742-98), 'favourite' daughter of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria.
Author Maria Christina Quintero intends the book as a corrective to that condemnation, and locates its genesis in Malveena McKendricks' recognition of the complexity of the work of Lope de Vega.
99 Codorniu Reina Maria Christina Blanc de Noirs 2008, from pounds 9.
Maria is the founder of The Dhaka Project and the Maria Christina Foundation.
The North Pole expedition is the first in a trilogy of fundraising expeditions to support the Maria Christina Foundation where the funds from the first expedition will be used to secure the education of six Bangladeshi children for their remaining six years in Dubai.
In 1998, the "Majestic Imperator", restored to luxury with six carriages, was christened by Maria Christina Habsburg-Lothringen, the youngest living descendent of Kaiser Franz Joseph I and his wife, Elisabeth (also called OSissiO).
4 Kichler's Maria Christina chandelier presents a futuristic twist on its nine-light, clear-glass chandelier, featuring sphere- and tubular-shaped accents.
He turned to his Guatemalan housekeeper Maria Christina Ruiz after his two divorces, only to be sued for pounds 70million maintenance.
WID's HORIZONS Foundation awarded Fall 2002 scholarships to Maria Christina Markley and Elena Fedorova.