Maria Christina


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Maria Christina

(märē`ä krēstē`nä), 1806–78, queen of Spain, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies. The fourth wife of Ferdinand VIIFerdinand VII,
1784–1833, king of Spain (1808–33), son of Charles IV and María Luisa. Excluded from a role in the government, he became the center of intrigues against the chief minister Godoy and attempted to win the support of Napoleon I.
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, she persuaded him to confirm (1833) the original revocation (1789) of the Salic lawSalic law
, rule of succession in certain royal and noble families of Europe, forbidding females and those descended in the female line to succeed to the titles or offices in the family.
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 to allow their daughter Isabella to succeed him. At the king's death (1833) Maria Christina became regent for Isabella IIIsabella II,
1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina. Her uncle, Don Carlos, contested her succession under the Salic law, and thus the Carlist Wars began (see Carlists).
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. In the Carlist Wars (see CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
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) that this succession provoked, she was aided by the liberals, but the frequent changes in the constitution alienated their support. The opposition of EsparteroEspartero, Baldomero, duque de la Victoria, conde de Luchana
, 1793–1879, Spanish general and statesman. He fought against the French in the Peninsular War (1808–14) and later against the revolutionists in South America.
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 forced her to resign the regency, and she went to France (1840). She returned after Espartero's overthrow (1843) and regained influence. She had to yield to Espartero again in 1854 but remained a powerful figure to the end of Isabella's turbulent reign in 1868.

Maria Christina

(märē`ä krēstē`nä), 1858–1929, queen of Spain, consort of Alfonso XIIAlfonso XII,
1857–85, king of Spain (1874–85), son of Isabella II. He went into exile with his parents at the time of the revolt of the Carlists in 1868 and was educated in Austria and England.
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. An Austrian archduchess, she was married to Alfonso in 1879. After his death, she was regent (1886–1902) for his posthumous son, Alfonso XIIIAlfonso XIII,
1886–1941, king of Spain (1886–1931), posthumous son and successor of Alfonso XII. His mother, Maria Christina (1858–1929), was regent until 1902.
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, but took very little part in political affairs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The complainant, identified as Maria Christina Dizon, 28, of No.
Maria Christina Vasquez was placed under the restrictive custody of Mandaluyong City Police officer-in-charge Supt.
Inside the bags was the dismembered body of Maria Christina Requena, 26, also a sex worker, from Manchester.
Melanie Bankerd, Meredith Cathleen Buckner, Karen N Eldridge, Dylain Kevin Francisco, Sharon Fronczak, Lindsey Hale, Erica Monique Horace, Maria Christina Hurt, Kirsten Jackson, Angela Kelsey, Rebecca Susan Koszalinski, Tara Elizabeth Lundy, Cassandra Vincent Malone, Mary Anne J.
Superintendent Maria Christina Nobleza of the Davao Crime Laboratory was arrested on Saturday in Clarin town, Bohol after she tried to break past a road block set up by police to prevent Abu Sayyaf gunmen being pursued by security forces from escaping.
Among the individual awardees from IPPO are: Police Superintendent Richard Adonis Habawel, Company Commander of Iloilo Provincial Public Safety Company (IPPSC) as the Best Senior PCO in Operation; Police Senior Inspector John Ryan Doceo, IPPOs Chief of Provincial Anti-Illegal Drugs Special Operations Task Group as the Best Junior PCO in Operations; SPO2 Melchor Tolentino as the Best Senior PNCO; and NUP Maria Christina Mayor as the Best Non-Uniformed Personnel.
The winners list was rounded up by Special Jury Award winner Maria Christina Espiritu from Atlantis, the Palm, Outstanding Emirati Concierge Harib Ali Mohamed from Burj Al Arab Jumeirah and Best Head Concierge Felix Owino from Jumeirah Emirates Towers, with the team from Jumeirah Mina A'salam bagging the Best Concierge Team award.
The team consisted of: Maria Christina Andreou (Pascal English School Nicosia), Miriam Marancos, (English School Kyrenia), Kaan Ibrahim (English School Kyrenia), Andreas Damianou (Pascal Greek School Limassol), Elpida Phithak (Foley's School).
Esses espacos de convivio, de sobrevivencia e comunhao sao reiterados nos trabalhos de Alberto Bitar, Dirceu Maues, Maria Christina e Orlando Maneschy.
Taken together, this scholarship contextualises the collecting of the founder of the Albertina, Prince Albert Casimir of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (1738-1822), grandson of Augustus the Strong of Saxony, and his wife, Archduchess Maria Christina (1742-98), 'favourite' daughter of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria.
Author Maria Christina Quintero intends the book as a corrective to that condemnation, and locates its genesis in Malveena McKendricks' recognition of the complexity of the work of Lope de Vega.
99 Codorniu Reina Maria Christina Blanc de Noirs 2008, from pounds 9.