María Cristina

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María Cristina

 

(María Cristina the Elder). Born Apr. 27, 1806, in Naples; died Aug. 23, 1878, in Sainte-Adresse, France. Wife of the Spanish king Ferdinand VII; regent of Spain from 1833 to 1840 (during the reign of Isabella I, her daughter).

The need to find a middle course between the reactionary movement of the Carlists and the popular uprisings during the revolution of 1834-43 forced María Cristina to make concessions to the liberals, including an amnesty after the death of Ferdinand VII (1833) and the restoration (in 1836) of the Constitution of 1812. In 1837, María Cristina adopted reactionary clerical policies, but in 1840 an upsurge of the revolutionary movement forced her to abdicate the regency and emigrate to France. Returning to Spain in 1844 she made speculative investments in railroad construction. In 1854, when a new revolution began in Spain (the revolution of 1854-56), she emigrated to Portugal.

References in periodicals archive ?
Second was Zaragoza (1847-1923), represented in the exhibition with a historically important work, a 'boceto' for the 'Presentacion de los Habitantes Indigenos a la Reina Regenta Maria Cristina y la Princesa Mercedes de Asturias en la Exposicion General de las Yslas Filipinas de Madrid, 1887; (Study, The Presentation of the Indigenous Filipinos to the Queen Regent Maria Cristina and the Princess Mercedes of Asturias at the General Exposition of the Philippine Islands, Madrid 1887.
WHO Representative to Jordan, Maria Cristina Profili lauded the ministry's efforts and commitment to ensure a proper response to crises situations in order to save the lives of people in Jordan.
In a press release on Wednesday, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry said that the agreement was inked by Advisor to the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Mohamed Shinawi on the Egyptian side, Deputy Permanent Representative of Estonia to the European Union (EU) Clyde Kull and Director of International Cooperation in the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation of the European Commission Maria Cristina Russo on the EU side.
Tribeca gallery R & Company's "Super Design" dives into the country's cultural landscape from 1965 to 1975, "a time of political and social turmoil, hopes, and dreams," says Milan-based curator Maria Cristina Didero.
On October 22, the deputies Blanca Margarita Cuata Dominguez, Maria Cristina Teresa Garcia Bravo, Carlos Hernndez Mirn, who had arrived in Armenia from Mexico, visited Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex accompanied by the RA NA Deputy Speaker Eduard Sharmazanov and the RA NA deputy Margarit Yesayan.
Palabras del Doctor Jaime Aguirre Ceballos, Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia en el funeral de la Profesora Maria Cristina Ardila Robayo, Bogota
Although organics are unsurprising, the spectrum Dawn picked up is clearer than hints of these materials previously seen on other main-belt asteroids, Maria Cristina De Sanctis (INAF IAPS, Italy) and others report in the February 17th Science.
VVMANN raider second in Spain A TRIP to northern Spain for the Charlie Mann-trained Sureness was not without reward as the six-year-old yesterday produced a valiant effort from the front to finish second in the Gran Pemio Hotel Maria Cristina at San Sebastian.
Portuguese Maria Conceicao, founder of the Maria Cristina Foundation, which helps underprivileged children in Bangladesh, announced she is ready to take on her toughest challenge yet, swimming the English Channel on August 27.
Maria Cristina Diaz Marquez ocupa su corazon desde hace ya casi un ano.
But state prosecutors appealed Maria Cristina Barrionuevo's decision not to press ahead with a fullscale criminal investigation against Clarkson and his ex-Top Gear team.
In his homily, Francis said the two women as well as new saints Jeanne Emilie de Villeneuve from France and Maria Cristina of the Immaculate Conception from Italy were models of showing unity towards all.