María Cristina

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María Cristina

 

(María Cristina the Elder). Born Apr. 27, 1806, in Naples; died Aug. 23, 1878, in Sainte-Adresse, France. Wife of the Spanish king Ferdinand VII; regent of Spain from 1833 to 1840 (during the reign of Isabella I, her daughter).

The need to find a middle course between the reactionary movement of the Carlists and the popular uprisings during the revolution of 1834-43 forced María Cristina to make concessions to the liberals, including an amnesty after the death of Ferdinand VII (1833) and the restoration (in 1836) of the Constitution of 1812. In 1837, María Cristina adopted reactionary clerical policies, but in 1840 an upsurge of the revolutionary movement forced her to abdicate the regency and emigrate to France. Returning to Spain in 1844 she made speculative investments in railroad construction. In 1854, when a new revolution began in Spain (the revolution of 1854-56), she emigrated to Portugal.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Maria Cristina FoundA[degrees]ation yesterday called on people to take a stand against poverty by accepting a challenge to climb to base camp from April 1 to 15 next year.
Latin America is very important to Continental Airlines and we're pleased to partner with the NHPF to showcase the work of this young woman who has captured so well the spirit of Latin American culture," said Maria Cristina Osorio, Manager, Public Relations, Latin America and U.
on PBS (check local listings), follows Maria Cristina Chirolla, the courageous head of the Colombian attorney general's anti-money laundering office, as she struggles to fight the extraordinary reach of drug money in her country.
Proceeds from the event will go to the Maria Cristina Foundation (MCF), a non-profit organisation that provides quality education and job opportunities to underprivileged communities in Bangladesh.
Afghan security personnel were also killed in the attack," a statement read by UNSC president Maria Cristina Perceval of Argentina.
Maria Cristina Ruiz, Director, Latin American Marketing, Turner Broadcasting System, Atlanta, Ga.
UNITED NATIONS, Aug 2 (KUNA) -- UN Security Council President Maria Cristina Perceval of Argentina said the Council will hold a ministerial meeting on August 19 on "Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict" in general, including in Syria.
presidential election, graduate students Aaron Kay and Maria Cristina Jimenez polled 288 people in the San Francisco Bay Area in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business faculty member John Jost.
A group of women who were locked in a cycle of poverty in the slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh, have been given new lives in Dubai, thanks to the Maria Cristina Foundation.
Dubai Maria Conceicao, founder of the Maria Cristina Foundation, successfully completed her journey to the North Pole in an effort to raise funds and awareness for the MC Scholarship Programme.
As an economist he foresaw the growing energy needs of the Philippines by establishing Maria Cristina Hydroelectric Power Plant in Iligan and Ambuklao Dam in Benguet.
Maria Cristina Ruiz, 43, claims the 78-year-old actor broke a pledge by cutting off money to support herself and the family.