Maria Goeppert-Mayer


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Goeppert-Mayer, Maria

 

Born June 28, 1906, in Katowice, Poland. American physicist; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Goeppert-Mayer graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1930, and she has worked in the USA since then. From 1946 to 1959 she was a professor at the E. Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies in Chicago, and since 1960 she has been a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. She has written major works in the fields of quantum mechanics, crystal lattice theory, statistical mechanics, and nuclear physics. In 1951 she constructed a model of the shell of an atomic nucleus. Goeppert-Mayer was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1963.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Statisticheskaia mekhanika. Moscow, 1952. (With J. Mayer.)
Elementarnaia teoriia iadernykh obolochek. Moscow, 1958. (With J. H. D. Jensen.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Maria Goeppert-Mayer, who later won the Nobel Prize in physics, also worked for the Manhattan Project and at the Los Alamos Laboratory helping to develop physicist Edward Teller's "Super" Bomb.
Historicamente, las mujeres han tenido escasa apertura a los espacios cientificos; sin embargo, a partir del complicado y lento acceso a la educacion universitaria desde el siglo dieciocho, las cifras dejan ver los espacios ganados hasta que surgieron cientificas reconocidas como Marie Curie, Gerty Theresa Radnitz, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, etcetera.
He taught nine Nobel prize winners, including Werner Heisenberg, Enrico Fermi, Otto Stern, Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac, and Maria Goeppert-Mayer.
Maria Goeppert-Mayer (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1963) received her prize thirteen years after making her pivotal discovery about the nuclear shell model-and just three years after finally landing a full-time paid university job at the University of California at La Jolla.
And Maria Goeppert-Mayer, who received a full-paid professorship at age 53 (at the University of California, San Diego) only after she had been awarded the Nobel Prize, concluded that "while it was hard to be a woman physicist, it was nearly impossible to be a married woman physicist" (p.
The German-born American physicist Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972) tried to work out the nature of the nuclear shells from the nuclear properties that had been observed for different atoms.