Maria II

Maria II

(Maria da Glória), 1819–53, queen of Portugal (1834–53), daughter of Peter IV (Pedro IPedro I
(Dom Pedro de Alcântara) , 1798–1834, first emperor of Brazil (1822–31); son of John VI of Portugal. Dom Pedro was a child when the Portuguese royal family, fleeing from Napoleon's conquering French army, left Portugal for Brazil.
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 of Brazil). Pedro, having succeeded to the Portuguese throne on the death (1826) of his father, John VI, granted a constitutional charter to the Portuguese and then abdicated in favor of Maria. In order to quiet the claims of her uncle, Dom MiguelMiguel
, 1802–66, Portuguese prince; son of John IV of Portugal and younger brother of Pedro I of Brazil. He led an unsuccessful revolt against his father in 1824. On John's death (1826) the Portuguese succession was in dispute.
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, it was arranged that Maria be betrothed to him and placed under his regency. Miguel promised to abide by Pedro's charter, but in 1828, before Maria had arrived in Europe from Brazil, he convened a Cortes, procured an offer of the throne, and set out to rule in absolutist fashion. Maria's father, having abdicated the Brazilian throne, recruited an army from the liberal opponents of Miguel; he also had the assistance of the English. The armed forces gathered and sailed from the Azores to Oporto in 1832. The subsequent fighting in the so-called Miguelist Wars was severe. Miguel capitulated in 1834 after the English had defeated his fleet. Maria's reign was torn by dissension, revolutions, and counterrevolutions. Some progress was made, however, in the building of roads, the first railroad, and schools. Maria married (1836) Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Ferdinand IIFerdinand II,
1816–85, king consort of Portugal (1837–53). The eldest son of Ferdinand, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, he married Maria II (Maria da Glória) of Portugal in 1836.
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 of Portugal). She was succeeded by her son Peter V.
References in periodicals archive ?
Villa Maria II garnered such strong attention that it secured a buyer prior to the auction and closed last week for over $7 million in cooperation with Yumiko Takinami-Dilday of Punta Mita Properties.
Set on one acre of private beach within the exclusive La Punta Estates oceanfront, Villa Maria II also focuses on indoor/outdoor living, with an open concept centered around a holistic flowing floor plan.
Outdoor entertainment at Villa Maria II includes an infinity pool and Jacuzzi, a large central palapa connected by walkways and koi ponds, private enclaves, a tropical garden and grand entertaining spaces.
Just a few minutes drive from the centre is the mythical Pena Palace, built on the site of a former 16th century monastery by Bavarian prince and consort to Queen Maria II, Ferdinand II, in the 1800s.
Just a few minutes drive from the centre is the Pena Palace, built on the site of a former 16th century monastery by Bavarian prince and consort to Queen Maria II, Ferdinand II in 1800s.
The chapters in part 4--by Verstegen, Jeffrey Fontana, and Stuart Lingo--explore the patronage of those Dukes of Urbino who came from the della Rovere family: Francesco Maria, Guidobaldo II, and Francesco Maria II.
Art historians look at the della Rovere family as a whole--from Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere (1414-84) to Francesco Maria II, last Duke of Urbino (1549-1631)--as they faced distinct but not uncommon issues at any given time during the dynasty's two-century floriat.
Here, Rui Chafes's sculpture was displayed in three quite different spaces: one outside a traditional museum space, the Coleccao Berardo, which houses a collection of twentieth-century art; outdoors, as well, at the Parque da Pena, an enormous garden with ponds and man-made grottoes where the sculptures were placed in direct relation to the landscape's natural and artificial elements alike; and, finally, the interior spaces of the Palacio da Pena, created (as was the park) in the second half of the nineteenth century by a prince consort of German origin, married to Maria II of Portugal and an enthusiast of romantic and esoteric ideas.
There she died less than ten years later, mentally exhausted, emotionally abused, and physically worn out from bearing nine children (of whom five survived into adulthood, the oldest daughter to become Maria II, Queen of Portugal, the only surviving son to become Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil), but leaving a legacy of accomplishments and goodwill that, according to Gloria Kaiser, remain to this day.
The properties are known as the Ana Maria I, Ana Maria II, Dumari I, Dumari II and Dumari III and constitute 17,000 hectares in total.
21) The duke of Urbino and Barocci's frequent patron, Francesco Maria II (1549-1631), even recommended the Urbinare architect Ludovico Carducci to them, a fact surely known to the painter.
Furthermore, as Zygmunt Wazbinski has pointed out, Cardinal Francesco Maria del Monte, the childhood friend of Duke Francesco Maria II della Rovere, was then aiding the Medici with their tombs in Santa Maria sopra Minerva.