Mariano Melgar

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Melgar, Mariano


Born Sept. 8, 1791, in Arequipa; died Mar. 12, 1815, in Humachiri. Peruvian poet.

Melgar graduated from a theological seminary. In 1814 he joined the national liberation movement; he was taken prisoner and later shot by the Spanish.

Melgar began his literary career by imitating the neoclassical poets. He also translated classical authors. Melgar later turned to local folklore; he was the first to render into Spanish the original poetic genres of the Quechua Indians: fables andyaravíes (short, lyrical love poems). The social criticism in his fables, the freshness and democratic character of his language, and his efforts to synthesize literary and folk traditions gave Melgar his reputation as one of the founders of Peruvian national poetry.


Poesías. Lima, 1878.
In Russian translation:
“laravi, Kamenotes i mul.”In Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.


Mariátegui, J. C. Semocherkov istolkovaniia peruanskoi deistvitel’nosti. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from Spanish.)
Ospovat, L. S. “O formirovanii natsional’nykh osobennostei peruanskoi poezii.”In Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Wiesse, M. La romántica vida de M. Melgar. Lima, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
The areas of intervention will be the following sectors: Salvador Allende avenue (Pista Nueva), Mariano Melgar, Micaela Bastidas, Tablada de Lurn, Jos Glvez, San Gabriel, among others.
A continuacion, un estudio introductorio de cincuenta paginas recorre un extenso tramo iniciado con poesia precolombina, que concluye con el arequipeno Mariano Melgar y la poeta Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda (finales del siglo xix).
Por eso encontramos en la antologia la poesia de diversos autores que van desde Juan de Castellanos y Fernan Gonzalez de Eslava, por ejemplo, hasta Hernando Dominguez Camargo, Juan del Valle y Caviedes, y Mariano Melgar.
Chapter Five, "En visperas de la Independencia," surveys for fifteen pages the contributions of Mariano Melgar and Fernandez de Lizardi, but without an appreciation of how their works aided the cause for independence.
Dedicados a la educacion y promotores de actividades en torno a lo didactico, Fernandez de Lizardi, Manuel de Jesus Galvan, Mariano Melgar, o Rafael Pombo se suman a Ricardo Rojas, Gabriela Mistral, Horacio Quiroga, etc.
One can start at the beginning, like Jose de la Rada y Gamio, the fearless historian who began his biography of the poet Mariano Melgar with the Almighty's creation of the universe.