José Carlos Mariátegui

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Mariátegui, José Carlos

 

Born June 14, 1895, in Lima, Peru; died there Apr. 16, 1930. Peruvian political figure, sociologist, and literary critic.

Mariátegui was the son of a poor clerk. At the age of 14 he worked in a printing plant; he later became a journalist. In 1918 he joined the labor movement and began to propagate socialist ideas. In 1919 he was exiled from Peru. In Europe, Mariategui met M. Gorky, G. V. Chicherin, H. Barbusse, and A. Gramsci. He attended the Constituent Congress of the Italian Communist Party and the Genoa Conference of 1922.

Upon his return to Peru in 1923, Mariategui took part in the work of the trade unions and the people’s universities. He was an ardent propagandist of the ideas of Marxism-Leninism and of the achievements of the October 1917 Revolution in Russia. He waged an ideological and political struggle against revisionism and bourgeois nationalism. A talented publicist, Mariategui advocated the independent development of national culture. He devoted special attention to the analysis of two traditions of Peruvian literature—the Spanish and the Indian.

Mariátegui was one of the first to give a Marxist analysis of Latin American history and culture. He also did a great deal to popularize Soviet literature in Latin America. From 1926 to 1930 he published the sociopolitical and literary journal A mauta, around which the continent’s progressive cultural leaders rallied, and, beginning in 1928, the labor newspaper Labor. In 1928, Mariategui was one of the organizers of the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers. In that same year he founded the Peruvian Communist Party (prior to 1930 it was called Socialist), becoming its first general secretary. The theoretical ground-work for the Communist Party’s program was provided by Mariátegui in his work Seven Essays on the State of Affairs in Peru (1928; Russian translation, 1963), which marked a stage in the development of modern Latin American sociology and aesthetics. While already seriously ill, Mariátegui was subjected to arrests and imprisonment.

WORKS

Ediciones populares de las obras completas, vols. 1-20. Lima, 1959-71.

REFERENCES

Kh. K. Mariategi. Moscow, 1966.
Lenin y Mariategui Lima, 1970.
Vigencia de J. C. Mariategui. Lima, 1972.

S. I. SEMENOV

References in periodicals archive ?
he mounts a challenge to Benedict Anderson's timeworn thesis about the relationship of the urban lettered elites to the production of the homogenized ideal of nation-state; he explores the work of two literary giants, Jose Carlos Mariategui and Euclides da Cunha, to comprehend the discursive role that marginal "primitives" played in the national imaginary of those writers.
11) Avenue Jose Carlos Mariategui, 368 Castillo Grande, Rupa Rupa, Huanuco, Peru.
Writing in the 1920s, Jose Carlos Mariategui (1894-1930), a self-educated intellectual and radical activist from Peru, emphasized that those fighting for the revolutionary transformation of society must adapt classical Marxist theory to the particular conditions of Latin America, in pursuit of which he undertook meticulous class analysis of Peruvian society (Mariategui 1988).
Le Partido Comunista Peruano fut fonde le 7 octobre 1928 par un groupe d'intellectuels dont faisait notamment partie Jose Carlos Mariategui.
This is well-trodden ground, but the selection of well-known indigenistas such as Mariategui with lesser-known figures such as Escalante and Oquendo de Amat provides a different read and, overall, makes the case that indigenismo was a way for Peruvian intellectuals to think about modernity in Latin America.
In a public letter addressed to Humala, the CxC responded: "The left, since the time of Amauta Jose Carlos Mariategui, has never abandoned the social justice banner.
Assim, temos Jose Carlos Mariategui lidando com a questao indigena e Antonio Gramsci preocupado com a diversidade do proletariado italiano, que se lhe figurava como um conglomerado de grupos diferentes antes que como um grupo homogeneo.
Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology" is a collection of writings from Jose Carlos Mariategui, who earned prominence for his prolific writings on Marxism throughout the first half of the twentieth century, writing from Mexico and advocating his ideas for the future of his country.
This is a selected anthology of the writings of Peruvian Marxist political thinker Jose Carlos Mariategui (1894-1930), edited and translated by Vanden (political science and international studies, U.
Jose-Carlos Mariategui is general manager of Phantasia Tribal DDB, an online advertising agency in Peru and master of information systems at the London School of Economics.
Comparable was the case of the indigenous communities, particularly in the Andean region of the Inca Empire, which led Jose Carlos Mariategui to say that the Spaniards did not bring a religion; they brought rites, priests, religious orders, and liturgies under which the old Inca religion survived using the church as its disguise.
WASHINGTON, July 3 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Watson Wyatt Worldwide and Mariategui JLT Corredores de Seguros announced today that they have formed a marketing alliance to provide total compensation and employee benefit consulting services to employers in Peru.