Marib

Marib

(mä`rĭb), ancient city, Yemen, SW Arabia, 140 mi (225 km) inland at an altitude of 3,900 ft (1,190 m). It was one of the chief cities, perhaps the capital, of ShebaSheba,
biblical name of a region, called in Arabic Saba, of S Arabia, including present-day Yemen and the Hadhramaut. Its inhabitants were called Sabaeans or Sabeans. According to some passages in Genesis and First Chronicles, Sheba, a grandson of Noah's grandson Joktan, was the
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. It was the site of a dam, built in the 6th cent. B.C., that was one of the great engineering feats of antiquity. The dam collapsed in the 6th cent. A.D., flooding the countryside.

Marib

 

an ancient city and the residence of the rulers of the state of Saba; its ruins lie northeast of the city of Sana, in the Yemen Arab Republic. According to epigraphical data, Marib existed by the first half of the first millennium B.C. (or the beginning of the second millennium B.C.). It had a rectangular layout and was surrounded by a stone wall; the rulers’ palace was located inside the city. Numerous date palm plantations lay outside the walls.

Marib’s flourishing is attributable to the famous Marib Dam, which had an earthen dike faced with stone. The dam was constructed west of the city, on the Wadi Denna, in the seventh century B.C. (ruins remain). Near Marib was Awwam (eighth century B.C.), a temple of the chief Sabaean god Al-Makhah. The temple was oval in plan and was surrounded by a wall of large blocks of limestone. Outside its gates stood a structure (fifth century B.C.) with a gallery-enclosed courtyard. A mausoleum adjoined the temple on the southeast.

Marib began to decline in the first century A.D. and reached a state of total decline in the sixth century, when the dam collapsed.

REFERENCES

Grohmann, A. “Ma’rib.” In Enzyklopaedie des Islam, vol. 3. Leiden-Leipzig, 1936.
Jamme, A. Sabaean Inscriptions From Mahram Bilgîs (Mârib). Baltimore, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
25 (Saba) - Five mercenaries were killed and six others injured in clashes in the city of Marib on Wednesday, against the backdrop of protests to demand financial entitlements.
A Yemeni delegation of tribal chiefs and leaders from Marib has commended the performance of the UAE soldiers and the country's fraternal spirit in rebuilding the country.
While chairing the meeting in Marib on Sunday, he said "Soon we will be in Sana'a," hinting to the decisive battle to liberate Sana'a and retake it from the Houthi rebels and Saleh group, according to UAE News Agency (WAM).
One of the first batch's notable successeswas the liberation of Marib from the hands of Houthi militias and their allies, the forces of deposed president Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Al Mukalla: A local government-run oil company in Marib has been asked by the governor to continue to withhold oil revenues and not send them to the Al Houthi-controlled capital.
The people in Marib, north east of Yemen, celebrated the victory of the Popular Resistance and the national army backed by the coalition's forces against Houthi militants and forces belonging to Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Giving a rare update on the fighting in Marib province, east of Sanaa, the source told AFP "things are going slowly but surely.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Saudi-led forces in the Central Yemeni city of Marib were suppressed by Ansarullah fighters' massive missile and artillery fire and are reportedly grounded.
This is the largest and fiercest offensive since operations began in Marib province," the official said.
But a local Yemeni official in the oil-producing Marib province east of Sanaa said the Qatari contingent had "crossed al-Wadia border post" between Saudi Arabia and Yemen and were heading to Marib -- where Hadi loyalists have been preparing for an offensive against Sanaa.
A la suite de l'attaque au missile par les Houtis qui a provoque les plus lourdes pertes dans les rangs de la coalition arabe (60 soldats emiratis, saoudiens et bahreinis morts), le redeploiement en force autour du nouveau sanctuaire de Marib (est de Sanaa), toujours aux mains des Houtis, a ete enterine.
The operation, aimed at driving the Houthis out of Marib and pushing west toward the capital, will begin in the next few days, the official said requesting anonymity.