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(märĭkō`pə, mâr–), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Yuman branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). At some time in the past the Maricopa, under pressure from the Yuma, moved up the Gila River in Arizona from the Colorado River. In 1775 they lived near the mouth of the Hassayampa River in S Arizona, numbering some 3,000. The Maricopa were previously sedentary farmers who lived in somewhat permanent villages. In alliance with the Pima, they severely defeated the Yuma in 1857. The Maricopa, numbering close to 800 in 1990, now live with the Pima on the Gila River and the Salt River reservations in Arizona. Some Maricopa also live in Phoenix and Los Angeles. They are known for their excellent pottery.


See L. Spier, Yuman Tribes of the Gila River (1933, repr. 1970); P. H. Ezell, The Maricopas (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Maricopa County Department of Public Health is committed to making the Valley a healthier place to live for the nearly 4 million residents of Maricopa County.
These numbers only prove how critical it is that everyone in Maricopa County takes action to solve this crisis.
A[cedilla] Cycle 3: Twelve (12) focus groups in the Central Valley of Maricopa County to be completed by October 7, 2016.
com , or David Bradley Olsen, +1-612-339-2500, both of Maricopa Equity Management Corp.
Partnering with College Central Network provides us with the online management tools to upgrade all our campus career centers, while also enhancing our central job board," explains Stanley Gudel, chairman of the Career Council at the Maricopa Community College System and director of Career Services for the system's South Mountain Community College.
Care Advantage Health Plan ( MCA ), a edicaid/Medicare dually eligible special needs plan ( D-SNP ) for dually eligible members residing in Maricopa County, and owned by MIHS, herein referred to as the Health Plans .
the leading online education company, which provides one of the world's most popular and effective platforms for teaching and learning over the Internet, today announced an agreement with Maricopa Community College District in Arizona that will enable its instructors to provide Web-based learning over a single platform for its 165,000 students.
This further funding is the maiden State appropriation for Maricopa in the fields of STEM and Workforce since 2009.
We believe our joint efforts will establish Maricopa as one of the premier medical records operations in the country, one in which others will want to model," said Richard Mahoney, CEO, MedPlus, Inc.
Among 23 cities studied nationwide, Phoenix, in Maricopa County, had the second highest usage of methamphetamine according to Drug Use Forecasting data.
ValueOptions of Arizona is the Regional Behavioral Health Authority for Maricopa County, which serves nearly 60,000 county residents.
10 Go Beyond Small Business Summit to be presented by the Maricopa Small Business Development Center (SBDC).

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