Marie de France


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Marie de France

(də fräNs), fl. 1155–90, poet. Born in France, she spent her adult life in England in aristocratic circles and wrote in Anglo-Norman. She is best known for some dozen lais; several are of Celtic origin, and some are Arthurian.

Bibliography

See Lais, ed. by A. Ewert (1944). See translations by J. L. Weston (1900), E. Rickert (1901), and E. Mason (1911); study by E. J. Mickel, Jr. (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Marie de France, Bisclavret, androgyny, gender, righteousness, feminism, gender
Le Fresne's Model for Twinning in the Lais of Marie de France.
After all, Sturges argues, Marie de France asserts a collaborationist poetic identity and purpose, and "as one who writes obscurely so that later readers might gloss her text, .
Marie de France, "Bisclavret" (handout) Creative Project Due
First, all his chosen writers lived during times of political unrest, tension, or full-blown war: Sappho at a time of tension between Greek city-states; Marie de France during the Crusades; Madame de Stael during the French Revolution and reign of Napoleon; Mary Shelley in the aftermath of these movements; Woolf between the World Wars; Marguerite Yourcenar after Hitler's defeat; and Christa Wolf during the time of the Holocaust.
Ainsi, les Lais de Marie de France montrent que le genre ne saurait se reduire a des comportements stereotypes: les agissements des personnages resultent de situations existentielles et ne sont en rien determines par le genre (43-52).
Divided into three sections, the book is an overview of the lives of medieval women from childhood to widowhood; their social spaces as authors, anchoresses (ascetics), teachers, and preachers; and the lives and writings of remarkable women such as Marie de France, Margery Kempe, and Julian of Norwich, among others.
McCarthy was uncommonly generous to Chaucer, who is represented by nearly twenty-four pages, while Marie de France has to make do with a bit more than six pages, and the Roman de la Rose gets roughly five.
Toward the end of the conclusion of Howard Bloch's magnificent book on Marie de France, the author reveals the complexity of his methodology:
Welsh storyteller Daniel Morden (pictured) will perform his new collection of Haitian folk tales The Magic Children and Cat Weatherill tells medieval stories from The Lays of Marie de France.
Other queer moments from the Middle Ages, such as those found in Marie de France or Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, are likewise unrepresented (though some, such as Chaucer's Pardoner, are welcome omissions).
Writing in the 12th century, Marie de France produced some beautiful stories called lais to be recited to the courts of France.