Marie de' Medici

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Marie de' Medici

(mĕd`ĭchē), 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband; the duc de SullySully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de
, 1560–1641, French statesman. Born and reared a Protestant, he fought in the Wars of Religion under the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre (later King Henry IV of France). Before 1606 he was known as baron de Rosny.
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 was replaced by her favorite, Concini, and the carefully hoarded treasury surplus was dissipated in court extravagance and in pensions to the discontented nobles. In foreign affairs she abandoned the traditional anti-Hapsburg policy. A new Franco-Spanish alliance was formed by the marriage of Louis to Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain, and was further cemented by the marriage of the French princess Elizabeth to the future Philip IV of Spain. Having remained in power for three years beyond the king's majority, Marie was forced into exile after the murder of Concini (1617). In 1619 her partisans rose in revolt, but she was reconciled to her son in 1622. After the rise to power of her former favorite, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, she attempted (1630) to regain influence by urging the king to dismiss his minister of state; instead Louis forced his mother into a new exile at Compiègne, whence she fled to the Netherlands (1631), never to return to France. She was the mother of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. The marriage of Marie and Henry IV was the subject of a celebrated series of paintings by Peter Paul Rubens.


See biographies by J. Pardoe (3 vol., 1852), A. P. Lord (1903), and L. Batiffol (1906; tr. 1908, repr. 1970).

Medici, Marie de':

see Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
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References in classic literature ?
and Marie de Medici, and the exquisite court-mourning for the afore-mentioned queen, together with a few words let fall by M.
Raphael pictured such infernal villains as Catherine and Marie de Medicis seated in heaven and conversing familiarly with the Virgin Mary and the angels, (to say nothing of higher personages,) and yet my friends abuse me because I am a little prejudiced against the old masters--because I fail sometimes to see the beauty that is in their productions.
It is because in my prosperity I forgot those old friends, monsieur; because I have acted like Queen Marie de Medicis, who, returning from her first exile, treated with contempt all those who had suffered for her and, being proscribed a second time, died at Cologne abandoned by every one, even by her own son.
Anne of Austria, deprived of the confidence of her husband, pursued by the hatred of the cardinal, who could not pardon her for having repulsed a more tender feeling, having before her eyes the example of the queen-mother whom that hatred had tormented all her life--though Marie de Medicis, if the memoirs of the time are to be believed, had begun by according to the cardinal that sentiment which Anne of Austria always refused him--Anne of Austria had seen her most devoted servants fall around her, her most intimate confidants, her dearest favorites.
Known as Europe's "Jeweler of the Queens" ever since Marie de Medici, it has been run by 15 consecutive generations of the Mellerio family starting in 1515, when the family came to France.
The 35-carat gem was worn by Marie de Medici at her coronation as Queen of France in 1610.
In 1604 it was bought for 75,000 livres by French king Henry IV as a gift for his wife, Marie de Medici.
It was originally bought in 1604 for the crown of Marie de Medici, wife of Henri IV of France.
The most influential of these detractors was Richelieu himself, but, more broadly, Luynes' reputation was badly undermined by a host of propagandists beholden to the cardinal or to Louis XIII's mother, Marie de Medici.
However, Medicean would not have been able to maintain his standing without help from other winners such as Mr Medici, successful in the Group 1 Champions and Chater Cup in Hong Kong in May, or European stakes winners such as Marie De Medici, Via Medici and Virginia Hall.
A well-beaten seventh to Rumoosh in the Listed Feilden Stakes at Newmarket's Craven fixture in April, Gallic Star filled sixth behind Marie De Medici in the Listed Pretty Polly Stakes on Newmarket's Rowley Mile track on 1,000 Guineas day the following month.
The Dubawi filly is getting her act together nicely, and close inspection of three juvenile seconds shows she met two good ones in Marie De Medici and Pipette.