Marie de' Medici

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Medici, Marie de':

see Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
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Marie de' Medici

(mĕd`ĭchē), 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband; the duc de SullySully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de
, 1560–1641, French statesman. Born and reared a Protestant, he fought in the Wars of Religion under the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre (later King Henry IV of France). Before 1606 he was known as baron de Rosny.
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 was replaced by her favorite, Concini, and the carefully hoarded treasury surplus was dissipated in court extravagance and in pensions to the discontented nobles. In foreign affairs she abandoned the traditional anti-Hapsburg policy. A new Franco-Spanish alliance was formed by the marriage of Louis to Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain, and was further cemented by the marriage of the French princess Elizabeth to the future Philip IV of Spain. Having remained in power for three years beyond the king's majority, Marie was forced into exile after the murder of Concini (1617). In 1619 her partisans rose in revolt, but she was reconciled to her son in 1622. After the rise to power of her former favorite, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, she attempted (1630) to regain influence by urging the king to dismiss his minister of state; instead Louis forced his mother into a new exile at Compiègne, whence she fled to the Netherlands (1631), never to return to France. She was the mother of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. The marriage of Marie and Henry IV was the subject of a celebrated series of paintings by Peter Paul Rubens.


See biographies by J. Pardoe (3 vol., 1852), A. P. Lord (1903), and L. Batiffol (1906; tr. 1908, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Explaining about the painting Prof Robins said, "[This sketch] belongs to a group of portrait drawings of Marie de Medicis made circa 1622.
Inevitably in such allegorical interpretations there are debatable details: contending that elements of Chloridia reflect the ongoing dispute between Marie de Medicis and Cardinal Richelieu, she identifies Cupid with the cardinal ("Marie de Medicis' former servant, a position of dependence that can be equated with the masque's emphasis on Cupid as a child" [83]), which seems dubious.
Marie de Medicis followed in Catherine's tradition but took a more transparently political role, whereas Anne d'Autriche, "[i]f she avoided the mistakes of Marie de Medicis, helped reveal how royal authority depended on everyone agreeing to endow it with meaning" (134).
Queen Marie de Medicis may not draw as many admirers as Mona Lisa does, but in some ways she is even more intriguing than her mysterious neighbor.
Sur l'entree de Marie de Medicis, reine de France, a Lyon, le 3 decembre 1600, voir Pierre Matthieu, L'entree de la reine a Lyon, Lyon, Thibaud Ancelin, 1600 (Bibliotheque Mazarine 53413).
Cette collection, "Le Rencontre des muses de France et d'Italie," est dediee a la reine Marie de Medicis.
In 1600 his ode to the new queen, Marie de Medicis, made his name more widely known.
6) Their mother, Marie de Medicis, had a household of 464 in 1606.
His dealings with Scaliger, Casaubon, and Lipsius gave him standing as a mediator in the Wars of Religion, but became a liability in the more rigorously Catholic environment that developed after the arrival of Marie de Medicis.
Les lecons de trois entree lyonnaises, 1622, 1625, 1627"; Jacky Provence, "La comptabilite de l'ephemere: l'exemple des entrees troyennes"; Vincent Terrasson de Fougeres, "Le retour d'Astree et de l'age d'or sous le regne de Louis XII"; and Derval Conroy, "Iconographie et mise en scene d'un pouvoir feminin: Les quatre livres d'entrees de Marie de Medicis en exil.
The selected themes are: the Assumption of the Virgin, the Descent from the Cross, the Conversion of St Paul, the Jesuit Church ceiling decorations, the life of Marie de Medicis, the Whitehall ceiling (Fig.
Avant 1638, des deux reines, seule Marie de Medicis avait des enfants, dont Louis XIII.