Marie de' Medici

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Marie de' Medici

(mĕd`ĭchē), 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband; the duc de SullySully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de
, 1560–1641, French statesman. Born and reared a Protestant, he fought in the Wars of Religion under the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre (later King Henry IV of France). Before 1606 he was known as baron de Rosny.
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 was replaced by her favorite, Concini, and the carefully hoarded treasury surplus was dissipated in court extravagance and in pensions to the discontented nobles. In foreign affairs she abandoned the traditional anti-Hapsburg policy. A new Franco-Spanish alliance was formed by the marriage of Louis to Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain, and was further cemented by the marriage of the French princess Elizabeth to the future Philip IV of Spain. Having remained in power for three years beyond the king's majority, Marie was forced into exile after the murder of Concini (1617). In 1619 her partisans rose in revolt, but she was reconciled to her son in 1622. After the rise to power of her former favorite, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, she attempted (1630) to regain influence by urging the king to dismiss his minister of state; instead Louis forced his mother into a new exile at Compiègne, whence she fled to the Netherlands (1631), never to return to France. She was the mother of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. The marriage of Marie and Henry IV was the subject of a celebrated series of paintings by Peter Paul Rubens.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Pardoe (3 vol., 1852), A. P. Lord (1903), and L. Batiffol (1906; tr. 1908, repr. 1970).


Medici, Marie de':

see Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Students and scholars of early modern French history may be familiar with the story of how Catherine de Medicis, Marie de Medicis, and Anne d'Autriche served as regents for their minor sons (Charles IX, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV, respectively) during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
For instance, the Victoria and Albert Museum owns two drawings for the Marie de Medicis cycle, the British Museum owns woodcuts by Jegher after designs for the Jesuit Church, and Jegher's print after Hercules overcoming Discord on the Whitehall ceiling is on view on the other side of Somerset House.
138; Michel Carmona, Marie de Medicis (Paris, 1981), pp.
Marie de Medicis (Paris, 1990); James Saslow, The Medici Wedding of 1589 (New Haven, 1996); Canova-Green and Chiarelli, Influence of Italian Entertainments, pp.
87-88; Eusbe Pavie, La guerre entre Louis XIII et Marie de Medicis 1619-1620 (Angers, 1895), pp.
6) Their mother, Marie de Medicis, had a household of 464 in 1606.
By late afternoon on 19 March 1615, so many people had packed into the great hall of the Bourbon palace to see the evening's performance that the queen mother, Marie de Medicis, had to ask her favourites, the duc d'Epernon and the marquis de Bassompierre, to stand at the doors and refuse admittance to anyone who did not have a mereau, a piece of lead or copper guaranteeing a seat.
Explaining about the painting Prof Robins said, "[This sketch] belongs to a group of portrait drawings of Marie de Medicis made circa 1622.
Inevitably in such allegorical interpretations there are debatable details: contending that elements of Chloridia reflect the ongoing dispute between Marie de Medicis and Cardinal Richelieu, she identifies Cupid with the cardinal ("Marie de Medicis' former servant, a position of dependence that can be equated with the masque's emphasis on Cupid as a child" [83]), which seems dubious.
Britland ties these productions partly to Henrietta's Salesian Catholicism and particularly to the arrival in England of Marie de Medicis.
Cette collection, "Le Rencontre des muses de France et d'Italie," est dediee a la reine Marie de Medicis.
Il faut aussi noter combien les connaissances sur Marie de Medicis et, surtout, sur Louis XIII progressent a chaque fois que le font celles sur Richelieu puisque la reine-mere et le roi constituent a la fois les assises et les limites du pouvoir du favori de l'une et de l'autre.