Marine Terminal

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marine terminal

[mə′rēn ′term·ən·əl]
(civil engineering)
That part of a port or harbor with facilities for docking, cargo-handling, and storage.

Marine Terminal


a building or complex of buildings and structures to serve passengers and handle baggage and freight in seaports. Marine terminals are classified according to basic operations as passenger or passenger-freight terminals and according to their location on sea routes as origin/destination or intermediate terminals.

Marine terminal buildings are built on shore and include buildings on piers or areas with man-made foundations. The purpose and types of ships to be used, variations in the water level, and conditions for rational organization of the flow of passengers and visitors and delivery of baggage and freight are taken into account during the planning of marine terminals.

Marine terminals have passenger, administrative, baggage, auxiliary, and technical areas.

The architecture and design of marine terminals are very diverse. Terminal buildings of two and three stories are most common. Freight and passenger terminals usually have the warehouses at the dock level, with the passenger areas above them (on the second or third floor). Terminals arranged in this way include those in Odessa and Vladivostok (USSR); Le Havre, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Calais, and Dieppe (France); and Helsinki (Finland); and also the Ocean Terminal in Southampton (Great Britain). These terminals use special loading equipment (including hoisting-swiveling and enclosed telescoping ramps) for easy movement of passengers to ships over cargo areas, motor vehicle roads, and railroads.

The buildings of many marine terminals are very long, so that they may serve several large ships simultaneously (for example, the Ocean Terminal in Southampton is 550 m long, and the Atlantic Terminal in Le Havre is about 575 m long). Terminals often have galleries extending along the wharves or piers, arranged perpendicular to the wharf embankment (the terminals in New York and Philadelphia in the USA and in Montreal, Canada).

Marine terminals that extend out over the water (on piles) have also been built—for example, La Rochelle and Boulogne in France and Sukhumi in the USSR. Certain installations in a marine terminal are sometimes placed on floating platforms, as in the port of Tilbury in London (Great Britain).

Most marine terminals serve as large-scale transfer points for passengers from ships to land transportation (and vice versa) and for transshipment of freight. Therefore, large passenger-cargo terminals ordinarily have a well-developed system of railroad and motor-vehicle approaches. Some terminals are built in combination with railroad terminals to provide for more convenient freight transshipment and passenger transfer (for example, in Vladivostok).

Marine terminals are usually unique architectural objects of cities. Typical features of modern terminals include large halls for passenger service, large glass facades facing the sea, and the use of suspended elements and balconies for passengers and visitors. During the building of marine terminals, their compositional relationship to planning and construction in the area around the port and to the conditions of visual perception of the terminal complex, a unique maritime facade of the city, both from the land area around the terminal and from the sea, are taken into account.


Golubev, G. E., G. M. Andzhelini, and A. F. Modorov. Sovremennye vokzaly. … Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Marine terminal operators at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach today announced they will maintain the current Traffic Mitigation Fee (TMF) of $50 per TEU despite notable losses associated with the OffPeak program.
Truck visits to marine terminals can take over two hours due to any number of delays," said Eric Klein, CEO and Co-Founder of Crux Systems.
Versiant employs business and technology professionals around the world, helping large enterprise companies and marine terminal operating system clients leverage technologies to gain competitive advantage.
DP World already meets all the necessary national and international security requirements at its marine terminals across the globe," remarked Mohammed Sharaf, chief executive officer, DP World.
Our carbon emissions need to be brought under zero control in order to achieve our goal of energy-efficient marine terminals.
Upon arrival at the gate, the WhereTag on each drayage vehicle will be picked up by the WhereNet RTLS infrastructure of antennas installed at each marine terminal and automatically cross-referenced with the information available to the marine terminal, thereby assisting the check-in process and granting entry for the drivers already registered in the system.
Location: Blount Island Marine Terminal, 2nd Floor Conference Room, 9620 Dave Rawls Blvd, Jacksonville, FL 32226
By replacing manual, error-prone, latent data collection processes with automated, up-to-the-minute status and location data about every container and mobile asset in a marine terminal, the WhereNet system provides critical real-time data to the TOS software and personnel, enabling them to:
The members of the West Coast Marine Terminal Operator Agreement (WCMTOA) today announced that they have been contracted by the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach to collect the Clean Truck Fee (CTF) required by the ports as part of their Clean Trucks Program.
These buoys are replacement buoys for existing terminals for: the Office of Maritime and Port Operations, Rosarito, Baja California; the Marine Terminal at Tuxpan; and the Marine Terminal at Salina Cruz.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Justice concerning alleged violations of the Clean Air Act at the company's El Segundo marine terminal.
The members of the West Coast Marine Terminal Operator Agreement (WCMTOA) announced that beginning today, October 1, individual terminal operators plan to implement a ban on older, polluting trucks under the Clean Trucks Program of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach.

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