Marine mining

Marine mining

The process of recovering mineral wealth from sea water and from deposits on and under the sea floor. While mineral resources to the value of trillions of dollars do exist in and under the oceans, their exploitation is not simple. Many environmental problems must be overcome and many technical advances must be made before the majority of these deposits can be mined in competition with existing land resources.

The mineral resources of the marine environment are of three basic types: the dissolved minerals of the ocean waters; the unconsolidated mineral deposits of marine beaches, continental shelf, and deep-sea floor; and the consolidated deposits contained within the bedrock underlying the seas. As with land deposits, the initial stages preceding the production of a marketable commodity include discovery, characterization of the deposit to assess its value and exploitability, and mining, including beneficiation of the material to a salable product.

References in periodicals archive ?
Marine mining has also taken place off the coast of South Africa, though it has proven less lucrative.
the United Nations meetings on Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the work of the International Seabed Authority on marine mining.
Matengu to conclude that the moratorium had been killed off and that LL NP and other companies can now proceed with marine mining activities while LL NP may "construct its fertilizer factory" in Luderitz.
The leading marine mining company, Debmarine Namibia has appointed Standard Bank Namibia to be the Lead Arranger and Lender of a US$60 million or about N$600 million facility, for the acquisition of the biggest marine diamond production vessel of its kind in the world, known as the 'Mafuta, which in Oshiwambo means seas, oceans or great seas.
Al-Naimi said the meeting discussed matters related to joint investment in minerals and training of national cadre in marine mining.
s specialist marine mining expertise to bear on this world-class deposit.
However, he notes that 5 years ago, the International Marine Minerals Society, based in Honolulu, adopted its own code for environmental management of marine mining.
Until now, Trans Hex marine mining operations have been confined to shallow water of less than 20 metres in the Namibian concession.
Namco's first marine mining system, NamSSol, revolutionized the ocean diamond industry with its ability to pump high volumes of seabed material using advanced dredging techniques.
This leading-edge mining tool is based on one of the most modern marine mining technologies developed over the years for the offshore oil industry, incorporating a remotely controlled vehicle equipped with rubber crawler tracks and an integrated ripping/suction head all linked to a surface vessel.
The key objective of the benthic survey programme, Debmarine said, is to investigate the effects of marine mining on benthic communities of soft-sediment habitats to determine the rate of recovery of these communities after disturbance by mining operations.
Full browser ?