Marini, Marino(märē`nō märē`nē), 1901–66, Italian sculptor. Marini is best known for his many vigorous sculptures of horses and horsemen (e.g., Horse and Rider, 1949–50), although he has created notable portrait busts, group statues, and paintings and drawings. After 1955 he tended toward a more dramatic expression of form. His works are in many European and American museums.
See study by E. Trier (1961).
Born Feb. 27, 1901, in Pistoia. Italian sculptor.
Marini studied at the Academy of Arts in Florence. From 1929 to 1940 he taught at the Higher Institute of Arts in Monza (Lombardy). Beginning in 1940 he taught at the Academy of Arts in Milan. Having overcome the impressionistic fragmentation that characterized his early works, Marino turned in the mid-1920’s to the tradition of archaic art, primarily the art of the Etruscans. He sought to emphasize the lapidary nature and weight of basic masses and to bring out the intrinsic rhythm and structure of the material (The People, terra-cotta, 1929; Ersilia, wood, 1931). Marini’s principal theme—the lone rider—became increasingly tragic, reflecting the artist’s perception of his environment (The Rider, 1936, Jesi Collection, Milan; Monumental Rider, 1957-58; a statue in The Hague).