Marius Petipa


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Petipa, Marius

(märyüs` pĕtēpä`), 1822–1910, French dancer and choreographer, b. Marseilles. Petipa rose to prominence at the Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg. He was the principal creator of the modern classical ballet. Bringing French and Italian traditions to Russia, he gave increasing importance to pure dance over pantomime and greatly expanded the roles of male dancers. His major works include Don Quixote (1869), La Bayadère (1875), The Sleeping Beauty (1890), The Nutcracker (1892), Swan Lake, Acts One and Three (1893), and Raymonda (1898).

Bibliography

See his memoirs (tr. 1958).

Petipa, Marius Ivanovich

 

Born Mar. 11, 1818, in Marseilles; died July 1 (14), 1910, in Gurzuf. Russian ballet dancer and choreographer. Of French origin.

Petipa studied with his father, the dancer Jean Antoine Petipa, and with A. Vestris. In 1838 he went on tour in France, the United States, and Spain. In 1847 he settled in Russia, where he lived until his death. Petipa taught at the St. Petersburg Theatrical School from 1855 to 1887. He became choreographer of the St. Petersburg ballet troupe in 1862 and served as its chief choreographer from 1869 to 1903.

Petipa staged more than 60 ballets, including Pugni’s The Pharaoh’s Daughter (1862) and Tsar Kandaul (1868) and Min-kus’ Don Quixote (1869) and La Bayadère (1877). The music, while itself not symphonic, served as a basis for Petipa’s creation of symphonic dances (for example, the scene “Kingdom of the Shades” in La Bayadère). This found its ultimate development in Petipa’s staging of Tchaikovsky’s The Sleeping Beauty (1890) and Glazunov’s Raymonda (1898). As a result of the collaboration between Petipa and the great Russian symphonic composers, 19th-century academic ballet reached its apogee. The humanistic, poetic imagery was enriched by structural forms and expressive means of dance. Petipa’s best ballets are still staged in the USSR and abroad.

WORKS

Memuary Mariusa Petipa. St. Petersburg, 1906.
Marius Petipa: Materialy, vospominaniia, stat’i. Leningrad. 1971.

REFERENCES

Pleshcheev, A. A. M. I. Petipa (1847-1907). St. Petersburg, 1907.
Leshkov, D. I. Marius Petipa (1822-1910): K stoletiiu ego rozhdeniia. Petrograd, 1922.
Slonimskii, Iu. P. I. Chaikovskii i baletnyi teatr ego vremeni. Moscow, 1956.
Krasovskaia, V. Russkii baletnyi teatr vtoroi poloviny XIX veka. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963.

V. M. KRASOVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
Marius Petipa was of French origin, but he loved our country with all his heart, "said the governor of St.
The one staged by the Universal Ballet is choreographed by Lev Ivanov and Vasily Vainonen, scripted by Marius Petipa and scored by Tchaikovsky.
This "newer" 1895 version is in three acts with two intermissions, showcasing Tchaikovsky's immortal music, choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, and a libretto by Vladimir Begichev and Vasily Getzer.
This interpretation of the ballet, by producer Anthony Dowell, uses classical choreography created by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov for the ballet's revised 1895 version.
Nous avons aussi joue [beaucoup moins que] Pakhiats [beaucoup plus grand que], grande œuvre du compositeur Leon Minkus et choregraphiee par Marius Petipa.
Petersburg Imperial Theatres" Marius Petipa, one of the world's most influential ballet masters and choreographers.
details at mariinsky com Mariinsky Ballet Director Yuri Fateyev said: We perform Swan Lake because this ballet was born in our city and our theatre, created by the geniuses Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.
We perform Swan Lake because this ballet was born in our city and our theatre, created by the geniuses Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov," said Mariinsky Ballet Director Yuri Fateyev, The Mariinsky has been in the news lately with the opening of the spectacular 2000 seater PS450 million Mariinsky II theatre.
Perrault''s timeless fairy tale, about a young girl cursed to sleep for 100 years, was turned into a legendary ballet by Tchaikovsky and choreographer Marius Petipa in 1890.
En ella se integran la literatura, en el libreto que adapto Alejandro Dumas --padre--del cuento escrito por Hoffmann en 1816; la musica, encargada a Tchaikovski en 1891, y las artes escenicas: la coreografia, solicitada a Marius Petipa, quien, por cuestiones de salud, permitio que su discipulo Lev Ivanov completara la creacion.
Most ballet companies base their stagings on the 1895 revival by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov - first staged for the Imperial Ballet on January 15, 1895 - at the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
Not to forget the perfect choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, especially in the group dances.