Mark Antony


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Mark Antony

 

(also Marcus Antonius). Born circa 83 B. C.; died circa 30 B. C. Roman political leader and general.

Mark Antony gained distinction as a cavalry leader during the war in Palestine and Egypt (57–55 B. C.). In 54 B. C. he attached himself to Julius Caesar and participated in the Gallic campaigns. During the Civil War (49–45 B. C.) he actively supported Caesar; after the Battle of Pharsala in 48 B. C. he was appointed cavalry commander (magister equitum). After Caesar’s assassination Antony at first took a conciliatory position toward the murderers and the Senate, but soon his relations with the Senate sharply worsened, particularly because of his insistence on ruling Gaul. (Antony was relying on the army, which included many of Caesar’s veterans.) The matter came to an open break, and the Senate sent troops against Antony. In 43 B. C. near the city of Mutina, Antony suffered a defeat, but then under pressure from the army a union occurred, including Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (the Second Triumvirate). In 42 B. C. at Philippi in Macedonia, Antony and Octavian utterly defeated the armies of Brutus and Cassius. In the division of the provinces among the triumvirs which followed this action Antony was given the eastern regions of the Roman dominions to rule. During his stay in the east, Antony conducted several unsuccessful campaigns against the Parthians.

In the east Antony behaved like an autocrat; he began a love affair with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra, giving enormous possessions to her and to her children. Such a policy led to a breakup of the triumvirs and aroused public opinion in Rome against Antony. The Senate declared war on Cleopatra. In 31 B. C. off the Cape of Actium the Egyptian fleet was crushed, and after the invasion of Egypt by Octavian’s army, Antony committed suicide.

REFERENCES

Mashkin, N. A. Printsipat Avgusta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Lindsay, J. Marc Antony, His World and His Contemporaries. London, 1936.

S. L. UTCHENKO

Antony, Mark

gives famous speech against Caesar’s assassins. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]

Antony, Mark

Caesar’s beloved friend; turns public opinion against Caesar’s assassins. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]
See: Loyalty

Antony, Mark

thinking Cleopatra is dead, he falls upon his sword. [Br. Lit.: Shakespeare Antony and Cleopatra]
See: Suicide
References in periodicals archive ?
Cleopatra is haunted by the death of this young man, but when Mark Antony returns she happily greets him and the hope of new victories gives her the strength she needs to carry on.
They saw her doing it through her sexuality, trying first to seduce Julius Ceasar and then Mark Antony.
She provides background information on ancient Alexandria and Cleopatra's ancestors to give context for the story, and describes her search for clues; how Cleopatra became queen; the roles of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, and Octavian; and the murder of Antony, the capture of Cleopatra, and other events that occurred.
When Mark Antony in Julius Caesar says, 'I am no orator, as Brutus is / But as you know me all a plain, blunt man,' that's a pack of lies.
Featuring well-known faces Ray Fearon as Mark Antony, Paterson Joseph as Brutus and Jeffery Kissoon as Julius Caesar, it is directed by RSC associate Gregory Doran.
Washington, April 21 ( ANI ): An Italian Egyptologist has rediscovered a sculpture of Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene, the offspring of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII, at the Egyptian museum in Cairo.
According to legend it was created by Mark Antony for his lover, Queen Cleopatra, after she refused to walk on anything but Egyptian sand.
It doesn't take long to see the violence of Cleopatra's passion - very early on, the young Cleopatra kills her brother Ptolemy (and husband) with the aid of her handmaidens so that she can be queen, although her romance with Mark Antony (Ashley Dixon), which conveys some very impressive gymnastics, does not take place until the second half.
Two years later, his young officers Octavian and Mark Antony lead a force that defeats the rebel army in the Greek city of Philippi.
Cleopatra, famously portrayed by Elizabeth Taylor in the 1963 Hollywood blockbuster "Cleopatra," in which her Roman lover Mark Antony was played by Richard Burton, reigned in Egypt more than 2,000 years ago.
Sapper Mark Antony Smith, 26, from Swanley, Kent, is thought to have died in an explosion after a shell landed short of its intended target.
After Egypt succumbed to Roman forces and Cleopatra famously took her own life following the suicide of her lover Mark Antony, the Romans attempted to wipe her legacy from the pages of history.