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a German nobleman ranking above a count. Margraves were originally counts appointed to govern frontier provinces, but all had become princes of the Holy Roman Empire by the 12th century



originally an official in the Carolingian empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

The office of margrave was established by Charlemagne to administer marches. The margrave enjoyed broader powers than an ordinary count—particularly permanent military authority. With the development of feudalism, margraves became semi-independent or independent rulers of entire regions; in Germany they became princes. In France, Spain, and Italy, margrave (marquess) is one of the highest titles of nobility.

References in periodicals archive ?
Greeters were Laura Rebecca Daily and Erika Markgraf.
Anteriormente, Markgraf y Anderson (1994), habian senalado que la extension regional de los incendios y la frecuencia de estos en la parte sur de Sudamerica, vario notonamente durante los ultimos 15000 anos y que la mas alta frecuencia de incendios y su mayor extension regional habian sido registradas al sur del paralelo 50[grados], entre 11000 y 9000 anos AP.
Selecting winners was a panel of recognizable names including Turner Broadcasting Systems President of Sales David Levy, Owner of HDNet and the Dallas Mavericks Mark Cuban, Founder and Creative Chairman of Droga5 David Droga, Advertising Age columnist and on-air host of NPR Bob Garfield, President of HBO Sports Ross Greenburg, CMO of Fox Sports Media Group Eric Markgraf, Senior writer and columnist for ESPN.
Markgraf (editors) El Nino and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 113-147.
Poor Joelle Harvey and Kelly Markgraf, as Zer-lina and Masetto, couldn't have been altogether happy playing their roles as come-to-life wedding-cake statuettes, but both sang very well, as did Brian Routes as the risen-from-the-coffin Commendatore.
Georg Markgraf born; a Saxon astronomer; built an observatory in Brazil where he observed with a quadrant, sextant, and a telescope.
and Markgraf, E (Eds), Knochenersatzmaterialien und Wachstumsfaktoren Georg Thieme, Stuttgart, New York.
Markgraf et al (13) showed customisation of APACHE II and III in a single unit led to an improvement in the overall calibration, but uniformity of fit in different subgroups was not achieved.