markup language

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markup language

[′märk‚əp ‚laŋ·gwij]
(computer science)
A set of rules and procedures for markup.

markup language

A set of labels that are embedded within text to distinguish individual elements or groups of elements for display or identification purposes. The labels are typically known as "tags."

For rendering (displaying and printing), markup languages indicate where font and other layout changes start and stop. For content identification, markup languages turn a text document into the equivalent of a database record in which individual data elements can be located for processing. In a database, elements are placed in a predefined structure. In a document, data elements reside in a freeform structure like text and must be identified with tags that mark their beginning and end.

It All Started with SGML
SGML is the granddaddy markup language that served as the foundation for HTML and XML. HTML is used for rendering the document, and XML is used for identifying the content of the document. See XML vocabulary, microformat, SGML, HTML and XML.
References in periodicals archive ?
For many years, basic-level hypertext markup language (HTML) was used to present textual content across the Internet by creating tagged text documents.
will very likely incorporate VoiceXML into its Speech Interface Framework; for copyright reasons the standard will be known as the W3C Dialog markup language.
Prophecy also leverages the Call Control Extensible Markup Language (CCXML) standard to provide the call management, routing and conferencing capabilities that VoiceXML alone lacks.
These formats include PDF, tagged image format (TIF), standard generalized markup language (SGML), hypertext markup language (HTML), and extensible markup language (XML).
Tutorial by Markup Language Expert on Constructing Practical, Speech-enabled Telephony and Multimodal Applications Will Feature Development Tool Demonstrations
Founded in 2001 by Cisco, Comverse, Intel, Microsoft, Philips, and SpeechWorks, the Forum seeks to develop a royalty-free standard that augments existing Web markup languages to provide spoken access to many forms of content through a wide variety of devices.
Nokia, Motorola, Ericsson, Siemens and numerous other industry leaders in the mobile communications and content industries have today announced that they are supporting the XHTML markup language (Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language) as the format for the future evolution of mobile services.
Elements of the company's Wireless Communications Platform include support of multiple natural languages, as well as support of any wireless device, markup language or wireless network technology.
The W3C speech interface framework will include integrated markup languages for dialog, grammar, speech synthesis, natural language semantics, and multimodal dialogs, as well as a standard list of reusable dialogs," said Jim Larson of the Intel Architecture Labs, who is Co-chair of the W3C Voice Browser Working Group.
XML has demonstrated its extensibility in giving rise to several other specialized markup languages including Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL), Mathematical Markup Language (MML) and Channel Definition Format (CDF).
Goldfarb, the father of markup languages and author of The XML Handbook(TM) (Prentice-Hall), today announced the launch of XMLTimes.