Maroto, Rafael

Maroto, Rafael

 

Born 1783, in Lorca, Murcia Province; died 1847. General; one of the leaders of the Carlists in Spain.

In 1838, Maroto was appointed commander in chief of the Carlist forces. He advocated a compromise solution to the question of the succession to the throne, a stand that roused the court camarilla of the pretender to the throne, Don Carlos, against Maroto. In early 1839, after securing the support of the army (in spite of Don Carlos, who attempted to declare him a traitor), Maroto entered into negotiations with General B. Espartero, the commander of Isabel IPs troops. He signed a peace treaty at Vergara on Aug. 31, 1839. Maroto died in Chile.

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Highlights for this reviewer included the stories of industrial/ technological espionage by Betancourt, Jorge Juan and others, recounted by Maria Isabel Vicente Maroto, Rafael Bachiller's tracing of the importance of the Real Observatorio Astronomico, the story of the reforms of the Spanish navy, told by Teodoro de Leste of the Museo Naval de Madrid, and the truly gripping narrative of the 1770s expeditions to Vancouver and Alaska (recounted at length by Paz Cabello Carro).