Marranos

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Marranos

(mərä`nōs): see SephardimSephardim
, one of the two major geographic divisions of the Jewish people, consisting of those Jews whose forebears in the Middle Ages resided in the Iberian Peninsula, as distinguished from those who lived in Germanic lands, who came to be known as the Ashkenazim (see
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.

Marranos

 

in medieval Spain and Portugal, Jews who officially converted to Christianity.

The number of converts increased in the 14th and 15th centuries (especially after the Royal Edict of 1492, which required that all Jews either adopt Catholicism in three months or leave Spain; about 50,000, attested to in various sources, adopted Christianity). They were an isolated group within the population. The Marranos engaged in trade, tax collecting, and state service. Their wealth aroused the envy of the feudal lords and the clergy. The Marranos were persecuted by the Inquisition, which accused them of secretly adhering to their former faith.

References in periodicals archive ?
On this phenomenon, see for instance Cecil Roth, "The Role of Spanish in the Marrano Diaspora," in Hispanic Studies in Honour of I.
16) This hybrid phenomenon of Marrano Judaizers is contrasted with the sometimes fervent Christian zeal among the conversos, who embraced their new faith passionately but were unable to completely expunge all of the weight of their old one.
Discovering her own kinship with the Marranos, she finds descendants on Majorca "who, after centuries of secrecy, have recently made tentative moves to embrace their Judaism openly," and she seeks out a group of the descendants of Marranos who followed Columbus to the New World.
See "The Elizabethan Image of Africa," 20; Meyers, "Lawsuits," 157, 163, and "Elizabethan Marranos Unmasked"; and entry for May 5, 1597, vol.
It is also to complicate the traditional account of Christian suspicion of Jewish conversion in the earlier periods, which was heightened in Renaissance England in the wake of the forced baptisms of the Iberian Inquisitions and the spread of a small but measurable Marrano community to a few English port cities.
D'Annunzio's Latinity depends on the rejection of other races, including the Japanese--"la piccola gente ha rimpicciolito quel ch'era grande e degno di me" (C 127, January 15,1925)--and an absolute rejection of Hitler--"il marrano Adolf Hitler dall'ignobile faccia offuscata sotto gli indelebili schizzi della tinta di calce e di colla" (C 319, October 9, 1933).
Our strategy is to establish multiple options for vendors from which facility managers, owners, and operators can purchase BUILDER(TM)," said Lance Marrano, project manager at CERL.
Goldstein starkly contrasts the case of Uriel da Costa, a Marrano Christian convert who fled to Amsterdam prior to the arrival of the Spinozas.
The itinerary of these metaphors links the figure of the English Jew to a proliferation of dangerously hybrid identities, from Venetians to Marrano immigrants from the Netherlands.
As head of the Marrano community in London, he was running a syndicate of merchants linked by close family ties, whose policy was to open up trade with the Mediterranean countries.
It is thus almost shocking to find that Foxe does include in his Book of Martyrs one martyr who is a Marrano Jew.
We sent RFPs to 11 media companies, and at the end of the day, CBS Plus gave us the most value and the most creativity for our budget," said Debra Marrano of Bozell Southern California.