Marranos

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Marranos

(mərä`nōs): see SephardimSephardim
, one of the two major geographic divisions of the Jewish people, consisting of those Jews whose forebears in the Middle Ages resided in the Iberian Peninsula, as distinguished from those who lived in Germanic lands, who came to be known as the Ashkenazim (see
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.

Marranos

 

in medieval Spain and Portugal, Jews who officially converted to Christianity.

The number of converts increased in the 14th and 15th centuries (especially after the Royal Edict of 1492, which required that all Jews either adopt Catholicism in three months or leave Spain; about 50,000, attested to in various sources, adopted Christianity). They were an isolated group within the population. The Marranos engaged in trade, tax collecting, and state service. Their wealth aroused the envy of the feudal lords and the clergy. The Marranos were persecuted by the Inquisition, which accused them of secretly adhering to their former faith.

References in periodicals archive ?
8) Catz tambem sugeriu que ha na Peregrinacao passagens que representam um "ponto de vista de todo concordante com o de um cristao-novo que desafiando a Inquisicao presta culto ao Deus dos seus antepassados, em segredo, como faziam inumeros marranos tanto em Espanha como em Portugal" (256).
Cecil Roth, A History of the Marranos (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, i960), 176.
In 1989 Ismar Schorsch spoke of the "myth of Sephardic supremacy"; other commentators have highlighted the identification of individuals like Heinrich Heine with Marranos.
Las ampollas del conducto deferente, como ocurre en el caballo, toro, carnero y marrano (Dellmann y Wrobel, 1980), estan representadas por el ensanchamiento del conducto deferente, donde, de acuerdo a su estructura microscopica, se localizan las glandulas de la ampolla ocupando completamente la submucosa.
This Marrano fashioning of a new dualistic identity or self contributed significantly to modern notions of toleration, freedom of conscience, and individual choice.
Representarse a traves de una crema hecha con hojas de una especie de espinaca, sazonada con ocra (quimbombo), leche de coco, cangrejo y/o cola de marrano hervidos y tornados "indistinguibles", una vez que los ingredientes originales pierden su respectiva identidad y se mezclan formando un sabor homogeneo, es recurrente y controvertido.
In North and South America there were individual families of largely Spanish colonial or mestizo heritage who maintained they had Jewish ancestry, had practices considered consistent with a Jewish heritage, or reported traditions about only marrying with certain families (historian Cecil Roth, for example, was aware of only faint echoes and individual persons who claimed Marrano ancestry).
Como si pensara en un epitafio, despide la "travesia" con una declaracion solemne, "Jose Monleon Bennacer, agnostico, judeo-espanol, moro, marrano, latinoamericano y mediterraneo", y una confesion: "?
Tendrian que ensamblarse *xibaron<*siba[ron] <*simaran junto a otras articulaciones diacronicas sugeridas muy improbables, como marrano y guajiro, Aun asi, la analogia de la articulacion bilabial /b/-/m/ para sib+a / sim+a permitiria esta hipotesis con tal que se retenga el lema semantico de la "montana.
Hector Nunez, the prominent London Marrano Jewish physician and trader; they also took shape, as Ungerer suggests, in Elizabeth's 1588 Guinea slaving contract, and, as I have shown, in many other informal and surreptitious activities.
Michman and Levie, 31-51; Yosef Kaplan, "On the Relation of Spinoza's Contemporaries in the Portuguese Jewish Community of Amsterdam to Spanish Culture and the Marrano Experience," in Spinoza's Political and Theological Thought, ed.
Tengo una granja donde hay animales, familias de animales, tengo un caballo, una yegua, dos potricos, un marrano, una marrana, y un marranito, un gallo, una gallina, y unos pollitos, intentado pues como que esten todos lo animales y que cada uno tenga su familia, cierto un granjero, una granjera y los dos ninos" (A.