marshal

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Related to Marshals: Ross, US Marshals, Michaels, Air Marshals

marshal

1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler

Marshal

 

(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

marshal

An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
References in classic literature ?
But, my lord," said Marshal de Grammont, "consider that when we have collected all our forces we shall have hardly thirteen thousand men.
My Dear Marshal, -- In an hour Lens will be in the enemy's possession.
A quarter of an hour later he was with the marshal.
Marshal de Grammont put himself at the head of all the available cavalry and infantry and took the road to Vendin, leaving the Duc de Chatillon to await and bring on the rest.
It was seven o'clock in the evening when the marshal arrived at the appointed place.
Marshal de Grammont was to hold the extreme left, resting on Mericourt.
A tent was erected for them near that of the marshal.
And this year presents us with new challenges to ensure that we make it as easy, and appealing, as possible to attract the marshals we need.
Organisers of this season's Wales Rally GB are facing a battle to recruit enough marshals for the event after it was moved from its traditional November date.
For this reason, I am requesting that you instruct the Department of Justice and the United States Marshals Service not to enforce this or any appellate--including Supreme Court--decision or execute any order that may ask for the removal of this monument by the Executive Branch," Hostettler wrote.
As the aircraft and its crew conducted normal flight operations at 30,000 feet, the air marshals were faced with a variety of scenarios they may encounter during a civilian flight, such as restraining a passenger, locating a suspicious device, and dealing with belligerent or frightened passengers.
They will be in contact with the taxi marshals and provide any back- up if needed.