Marston Moor(redirected from Marston Moor, Battle of)
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Marston Moor,battlefield, West Riding of Yorkshire, N England, near York. The battle fought there on July 2, 1644, between the royalists, under Prince Rupert and the duke of Newcastle, and the parliamentarians, under Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Oliver Cromwell, and the earl of Leven, resulted in the first major victory for the parliamentarians in the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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an area 11 km west of York in Great Britain where, on July 2, 1644, during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a battle of the first civil war (1642-46) took place.
At Marston Moor the Royalists (17,000 men), commanded by Prince Rupert, suffered their first major defeat at the hands of the Anglo-Scotch Parliamentary Army (27,000 men), commanded by the Earl of Manchester. Royalist losses were 6,000 men and 25 guns, whereas the Parliamentary troops lost 1,500 men. The cavalry of the Parliamentary Army under the command of O. Cromwell played the decisive part in the battle.