Mart Raud

Raud, Mart

 

Born Sept. 1 (14), 1903, in the volost (small rural district) of Aidu, now in Viljandi Raion. Soviet Estonian writer. People’s Writer of the Estonian SSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Raud attended lectures at Tartu University in 1924 and 1925. His first collection of poetry, Mirages, was published in 1924. The collection The Distant Circle (1935) was in the realistic tradition. In the novels The Ax and the Moon (1935) and Bazaar (1937), Raud satirized bourgeois mores. His collections of poetry Battle Word (1943) and New Bridges (1945) were published during the Great Patriotic War (1941–45). From the late 1940’s to the 1970’s he published the collections Two Vessels (1946), All the Roads (1953), Golden Autumn (1966; Russian translation, 1969), and Letters of Traces (1972). He has also written the collection of short stories Face to Face (1959) and the comedy A Wakeful Summer Night (staged 1962).

Raud has been awarded the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and several medals.

WORKS

Teosed, vols. 1–4. Tallinn, 1963–67.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. [Slikhi i poemy.] Moscow, 1957.
Kamenistye borozdy: Rasskazy. Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCE

Ocherk istorii estonskoi sovetskoi literatury. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Estonian civil engineer Mart Raud had an opportunity of applying the experience of the Russian oil shale studies in the already independent Republic of Estonia.
After Estonia's secession from Russia, the Society of Estonian Engineers in Petrograd headed by Mart Raud acquired geological data on Estonia and set to work at the foundation of Estonia's oil shale industry right away: independence of a state would be guaranteed only by an independent power production basing on the only resource available, oil shale.
The other two men were construction engineer Mart Raud (1878-1952) and chemist Karl Luts (1883-1941) who had studied and worked in St.