Mart Raud

Raud, Mart


Born Sept. 1 (14), 1903, in the volost (small rural district) of Aidu, now in Viljandi Raion. Soviet Estonian writer. People’s Writer of the Estonian SSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Raud attended lectures at Tartu University in 1924 and 1925. His first collection of poetry, Mirages, was published in 1924. The collection The Distant Circle (1935) was in the realistic tradition. In the novels The Ax and the Moon (1935) and Bazaar (1937), Raud satirized bourgeois mores. His collections of poetry Battle Word (1943) and New Bridges (1945) were published during the Great Patriotic War (1941–45). From the late 1940’s to the 1970’s he published the collections Two Vessels (1946), All the Roads (1953), Golden Autumn (1966; Russian translation, 1969), and Letters of Traces (1972). He has also written the collection of short stories Face to Face (1959) and the comedy A Wakeful Summer Night (staged 1962).

Raud has been awarded the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and several medals.


Teosed, vols. 1–4. Tallinn, 1963–67.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. [Slikhi i poemy.] Moscow, 1957.
Kamenistye borozdy: Rasskazy. Moscow, 1970.


Ocherk istorii estonskoi sovetskoi literatury. Moscow, 1971.
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The Estonian civil engineer Mart Raud had an opportunity of applying the experience of the Russian oil shale studies in the already independent Republic of Estonia.
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