martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

References in periodicals archive ?
But some members of the Lebanese martial arts community voiced discontent about the event and took issue with the marginal presence of Lebanese martial artists it will include.
We can express the techniques of the martial artist with words as well as with fists.
Eiko's Richard Ince said: "This is a golden opportunity for an ambitious mixed martial artist to work with some of the world's best grappling and striking coaches.
The martial artists filed a lawsuit against Reuters shortly after the report became viral on the Internet.
Instructor Matthew Teasdale said: "Ron Balicki is perhaps one of the most famous martial artists in the world.
TALENTED martial artists from Birmingham Choi Kwang Do increased their fund-raising total to over pounds 1,000 after a recent kickathon.
In a martial arts context, the term 'hojo undo' means 'supplemental training equipment', and refers to the aides and accessories that martial artists use to build their strength, stamina, focus, speed, accuracy, and fighting techniques associated with karate.
The casting call was to find martial artists to serve as members of the Foot Clan, the Turtles' main adversaries, as well as possibly for other supporting parts.
Worn in China since 1920 by old ladies, politicians and martial artists alike, the Feiyue's tri-color chevron stripe and neat, narrow shape make it quite possibly the most democratic fashion staple ever.
However, collectors of genuine Japanese swords will be exempt, as will bona fide martial artists and historical re-enactment groups.
He added that the stage version would be akin to "Cirque du Soleil with the greatest martial artists.
Timing in the Fighting Arts is a guide for intermediate to advanced martial artists, from boxing professionals to ordinary men and women honing their skills for self-defense.