martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps least realistic of all, almost all martial-arts contests involve just two opponents whereas a real fight almost never does.
World-renowned martial-arts expert and international film sensation Li has starred in more than 25 films and is recognized as one of the top-ranked film stars in Asia.
And it wouldn't be a martial-arts epic without a stable of diverse characters.
Director-star Chow comes more from a nonsense-comedy than a martial-arts background, and that sensibility informs every frame of the movie.
In a nutshell: Brutal martial-arts thriller is elevated by star Tony Jaa's unbelievable aerial athleticism.
Daggers'' includes a bamboo forest fight, a staple of martial-arts films and the setting of one of ``Crouching Tiger's'' most breathtaking sequences.
As for Zhang Yimou, whose international reputation was made with stylized, sexually charged cultural dramas such as ``Ju Dou'' and ``Raise the Red Lantern,'' ``Crouching Tiger''-size popularity may not have been as high on his agenda as redefining the martial-arts hero as a creative artist.
Yimou also liked the idea of shifting away from the stereotypical revenge formula of martial-arts movies in this, his first action film.
His favorites were martial-arts fighting videos, and he'd spend hours perfecting the skills of martial-arts combat.
evil tales in a very simplistic fashion - it's like ``Touched by an Angel'' for martial-arts fans.
1) Angus Forward of Chatsworth stars in ''Agent 12,'' a martial-arts sci-fi film about a 12-year-old spy.
Even the young Wong gets into the action, shouting out his martial-arts moves as his father has instructed him to.