martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although martial-arts skills may be useful tools in a fight, the amount of effort and training required to use them effectively in combat seems excessive.
He rose to national attention with his work in "The Joy Luck Club" and starred in the martial-arts series "Vanishing Son.
In a nutshell: A blend of action and role-playing that delivers the grandeur of a Chinese martial-arts epic.
Stephen Chow, left, and Chi Chung Lam take a breather in ``Kung Fu Hustle,'' Chow's comedy of martial-arts mayhem.
I almost gave up the bamboo forest scene because one happens in practically every martial-arts movie,'' the director says.
In a nutshell: Ravishing martial-arts epic about assassins during the ancient unification of China doesn't make a whole lot of narrative sense.
As always, Sy thinks back to all the time spent playing martial-arts video games.
Returning to San Francisco to mete out justice, he opens a martial-arts school catering to troubled WB actors bummed out for reasons beyond the fact that they're not particularly convincing playing high-school students.
Rated PG-13: martial-arts violence and a mild scene of sexuality)
Yeoh, whom American fans know from her martial-arts films, is a revelation: a woman of action (and she has plenty of chances to show that aspect off) who is yet achingly compelling as the inwardly suffering Yu.
The younger children were especially excited as they got up on the mat at the center of the gym and executed the martial-arts moves with looks of concentration etched on their faces, screaming ``ha