Martin IV

Martin IV,

d. 1285, pope (1281–85), a Frenchman named Simon de Brie; successor of Nicholas III. He was chancellor under Louis IX of France and was created cardinal by Urban IV. He was thus a supporter of the AngevinAngevin
[Fr.,=of Anjou], name of two medieval dynasties originating in France. The first ruled over parts of France and over Jerusalem and England; the second ruled over parts of France and over Naples, Hungary, and Poland, with a claim to Jerusalem.
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 dynasty in S Italy and Sicily. In supporting the design of Charles of Anjou (see Charles ICharles I
(Charles of Anjou), 1227–85, king of Naples and Sicily (1266–85), count of Anjou and Provence, youngest brother of King Louis IX of France. He took part in Louis's crusades to Egypt (1248) and Tunisia (1270).
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) to restore the Latin Empire of Constantinople, and in his excommunication of Byzantine Emperor Michael VIIIMichael VIII
(Michael Palaeologus), c.1225–1282, Byzantine emperor (1261–82), first of the Palaeologus dynasty. Following the murder of the regent for Emperor John IV of Nicaea, he was appointed (1258) regent and, soon afterward (1259), coemperor.
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, Martin sacrificed (1281) the recent union of East and West made at Lyons (1274). After the revolt known as the Sicilian VespersSicilian Vespers,
in Italian history, name given the rebellion staged by the Sicilians against the Angevin French domination of Sicily; the rebellion broke out at Palermo at the start of Vespers on Easter Monday, Mar. 30, 1282.
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 he turned all his powers against Peter IIIPeter III
(Peter the Great), 1239?–1285, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1276–85) and king of Sicily (1282–85); son and successor of James I. In 1280 he established Aragonese influence on the northern shores of Africa.
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 of Aragón. Martin adopted the title Martin IV because it was believed then that the two popes named Marinus were named Martin. He is actually only the second pope named Martin. He was succeeded by Honorius IV.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the leadership of CEO and Chairman of the Board, Christian Frederick (Chris) Martin IV, the company has continued its long-standing commitment to corporate responsibility and environmental stewardship.
Jonathan Jordan Kemp, Joshua Benjamin Kemp, Ernest Grover Martin IV, Sean Olsen McCrary, Samuel Shideler Nabors, and Matthew Dees Williamson.
SIMI VALLEY - William Francis Martin IV is the latest family member to carry the namesake, but as Simi Valley's first baby of the new millennium, he is the first to leave the hospital in opulent style.
Urban IV was in residence 1262-64; Clement IV in 1266; Gregory X in 1272 and 1273; Martin IV from 1281-84; Nicholas IV, 1290 and 1291; Boniface VIII, 1297.
Renner will work closely with Chairman and CEO Chris Martin IV on strategic direction for the 182 year old acoustic guitar and strings manufacturer.
If there was a crown for the king of papal gluttons Martin IV (1281-1285) would undoubtedly be a strong contender.
Martin IV, chairman and chief executive officer, who represents the sixth generation in the family business.
I am very proud that Martin Guitar is being recognized for our international sales initiatives," said Chris Martin IV, Chairman and CEO of C.
Our established commitment to using sustainable wood products, along with innovative alternative materials, continues to be reflected in the quality and craftsmanship of every Martin Guitar we produce," says Chris Martin IV, CEO & Chairman of Martin Guitar.
John's strength in navigating the legal landscape and providing counsel regarding important industry issues and policies make him a key new addition to the Martin Guitar organization," said Chris Martin IV, Chairman and CEO of Martin Guitar.