Martin Niemöller

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Martin Niemöller
Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller
BirthplaceLippstadt, German Empire

Niemöller, Martin


Born Jan. 14, 1892, in Lippstadt. Public figure of the German Federal Republic, antifascist, participant in the Partisans of Peace movement, pastor of the Evangelical Church.

During World War I, Niemöller was a submarine officer. In 1919 he took up the study of theology in Münster. In 1924 he became a clergyman. In 1937, Niemöller was arrested for his opposition to Nazism. He was held in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp until 1941, when he was transferred to Dachau. He was later moved to the southern Tirol and remained there until he was liberated in 1945. From 1947 to 1964 he was the head of the Evangelical Church in Hessen and Nassau. From 1961 to 1968 he was one of the presidents of the World Council of Churches. He has visited the USSR a number of times. Since 1957 he has been president of the German Peace Society (War Resisters’ International). Since 1969, Niemöller has been a member of the Presidium of the World Peace Council. He was awarded the Joliot-Curie Gold Medal of Peace in 1965. In 1966 he received the Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations.

References in periodicals archive ?
I would like to close with a liberal translation of the German pastor Martin Niemoeller, who was himself a victim of the Nazi terror:
1983), brother of the famous Pastor Martin Niemoeller, was a Protestant clergyperson and a historian of the Church Struggle.
NO more are we ready to keep silent at man's behest," said Pastor Martin Niemoeller from the pulpit of his Lutheran church, in Nazi Berlin, in June 1937.
It would seem that the so-called Confessing Church, the church of Martin Niemoeller and Dietrich Bonhoeffer, would deserve some mention.
Fifty years ago Pastor Martin Niemoeller, who opposed Hitler and was imprisoned, alter the war said, "In Germany they came first for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist.
The conference theme was "Religion, Power, and the Politics of Resistance," to acknowledge and honor the centennial birth year of two towering giants of the Church Struggle against Nazism, Reinhold Niebuhr and Martin Niemoeller.
Attributed to Pastor Martin Niemoeller, a German opponent of Nazism
Pastor Martin Niemoeller and Hannah Senesh - both victims of the Nazis - are among those who will attend Sunday's service.
The Protestant theologian Martin Niemoeller wrote at the end of World War II: "They came first for the communists, and I didn't speak because I wasn't a communist.
Most postwar accounts have concentrated on the few German clerics who did behave bravely, men like Martin Niemoeller, Heinrich Grueber and Bishop Preysing, all from Berlin.
The book's title is a quote from Gandhi, and he is mentioned in roughly half the essays, by authors as diverse as the German Lutheran Martin Niemoeller, the Trappist monk Thomas Merton, and the Irish Nobel laureate Mairead Corrigan Maguire.
At the exit of the Holocaust Museum, the famous quote of Pastor Martin Niemoeller is inscribed: "The Nazis first came for the communists, but I didn,t speak up" and so on.