Martin Schongauer


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Schongauer, Martin

 

(also Schön Martin). Born between 1435 and 1440 in Colmar, now in France; died Feb. 2, 1491, in Breisach, Baden. German graphic artist and painter.

Schongauer studied in the Netherlands, where he was greatly influenced by Rogier van der Weyden. Schongauer worked in Colmar and Breisach beginning in 1483. He is known for his paintings, including Madonna in a Rose Garden (1473), and especially for his copper etchings, such as The Temptation of Saint Anthony, The Annunciation, Calvary, Madonna in a Courtyard, Peasants Going to Market, and a series of passion scenes. These works are distinguished by expressiveness of form, and several are examples of harmonious, clear composition. Schongauer’s works combine features of the late Gothic and the early Renaissance. They had a significant influence on the masters of the German Renaissance, including A. Dürer.

REFERENCES

Flechsig, E. Martin Schongauer. Strassburg, 1951.
Winzinger, F. Die Zeichnungen M. Schongauers. Berlin, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
These women evoke Durer's brooding Melancholia, 1514, or the witches of Martin Schongauer rather than a placid Athena as the incarnation of wisdom, for whom the owl is avian insignia.
Rather, the works emanating from his series of performance-based pieces called Drawing Restraint, of which there are 18 numbers, or episodes (thus far), are presented in tandem with a selection of Northern Renaissance prints and paintings, most with explicit Christian iconography, from various collections in the surrounding region by the artists Hans Baldung Grien, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Albrecht Durer, Hendrick Goltzius, Urs Graf, Martin Schongauer, and a few others.
Detail from the Martin Schongauer painting, The Agony in the Garden, part of the Walker Art Gallery's Roscoe Collection Code: eb160908aroscoe-3; Greenhill Nursery gardeners Peter Morland, left, and Gerrard Weaver, two of Jyll Bradley's subjects at the Walker exhibition; and, inset, a picture from Ms Bradley showing the state of some of the gardens' records Pictures: EDDIE BARFORD/eb160908aroscoe-6, left, and eb160908aroscoe-5, inset; May 28, 1963, Cllr Ruth Dean, Alderman A Griffin, and Cllr Marion Brown admiring the tropical plants at Harthill Estate Botanic Gardens, during the annual inspection by Liverpool Parks and Gardens Committee
And there are prints by Martin Schongauer and Albrecht Durer, dating from around 1470 and 1505 respectively.
Venus and Cupid (1525) by Lucas Cranach the Elder was bought for pounds 2,100,00 and Maria Lactans: The Virgin and Child Crowned by Angels in a Window Embrasure by Martin Schongauer was purchased for pounds 900,000.
One was the traditional German Gothic style of Martin Schongauer and Matthias Grunewald and the other, newer, style of the Italian Renaissance, as found in the work of Giovanni Belini, Andrea Mantegna and Raphael.
He then travelled all over Germany, reaching the Upper Rhine to seek the leading painter and engraver of the day, Martin Schongauer.
These artists include the sculptors Veit Stoss, who seems to have been both colleague and competitor, and Niclaus Gerhaert von Leiden, the older artist from whom Riemenschneider seems to have learned the most, and the engraver Martin Schongauer, a crucial figure both for his own compositions, which served Riemenschneider as models, and for his role as a disseminator of Rogier van der Weyden's images, which influenced the sculptor profoundly.
He quickly also mastered the more sophisticated technique of metal engraving, which was originally favoured by those who had trained as painters or goldsmiths, such as the southern German painter Martin Schongauer (c.
1 million and Maria Lactans: TheVirgin and Child Crowned by Angels in a Window Embrasure by Martin Schongauer for pounds 900,000 at the most recent Sotheby's sale of old master paintings.
The result was that the thinly painted surfaces seem to glow, almost like oil-stained water--and very much like the art of early masters of oil painting who worked in Holland, Flanders and Germany, such as Martin Schongauer, Quentin Massys and Hieronymus Bosch.