Harriet Martineau

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Martineau, Harriet

(mär`tĭnō), 1802–76, English author. A journalist rather than a writer of literature, she was an enormously popular author. Her success is the more remarkable since she was deaf from childhood and the victim of various other illnesses throughout her life. The sister of the Unitarian minister James Martineau, she began her career writing articles on religious subjects. Her fame spread with Illustrations of Political Economy (9 vol., 1832–34) and Illustrations of Taxation (1834), two series of stories interpreting classical economics to the layman. After a visit to the United States in 1834, she became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and wrote several unflattering works on the American way of life, including Society in America (1837) and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838). Her later writings include Deerbrook (1839), a novel; The Playfellow (4 vol., 1841), tales for children; Letters on Mesmerism (1845); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1853); and a very candid autobiography (1877), containing commentaries on the literary figures of her day.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Wheatley (1957); study by R. K. Webb (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Andy Raynor (pictured) has been with the practice since it was formed in summer 2015 from the merger of Shakespeares and SGH Martineau, having also been the former's commercial director.
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Craig Wallace, partner and head of department at Shakespeare Martineau, added: "Bringing in Christopher to support with the development of the insurance team is a real coup for the firm.
Martineau's widow, Jamie Martineau, alleges in the suit filed in Lane County Circuit Court that her husband went to McKenzie-Willamette's emergency room on Sept.
The building with the plaque is now the Martineau Guest House and Shelagh has slept in the very room where Harriet recuperated.
She was the greatgrandmother of politician Francis Martineau Lupton, who in turn was the great great grandfather of Kate.
Retired Chief Roddy was one of dozens of police officers in the audience Thursday night at Fitchburg State University when Chief Martineau was sworn in as Fitchburg police chief.
Law firm SGH Martineau has once again been appointed to the law panel of Banco Santander (SAN.
Dzelzainis and Kaplan make the rather usual claim that to study an individual figure is to illuminate the issues of the era, but the subsequent chapters more than justify their assertion that "[b]y placing Martineau at the centre of nineteenth-century public discourse and interrogating her social and political views, this volume intervenes in the wider analysis of the tensions in Victorian social and political reforming thought" (4).
But as Lesa Scholl makes clear in Translation, Authorship and the Victorian Professional Woman: Charlotte Bronte, Harriet Martineau and George Eliot these three women writers also exerted wide-ranging cultural influence and fashioned authoritative professional identities in their work as translators.
Amusing illustrations from journals such as Fraser's Magazine demonstrate that while both male and female writers declare their new professionalism, Martineau presents herself as a kind of male professional in female dress.
Em uma mesma granja, existe variacao entre lotes (HOLLIS, 2006; MARTINEAU, 2008a).