Harriet Martineau

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Martineau, Harriet

(mär`tĭnō), 1802–76, English author. A journalist rather than a writer of literature, she was an enormously popular author. Her success is the more remarkable since she was deaf from childhood and the victim of various other illnesses throughout her life. The sister of the Unitarian minister James Martineau, she began her career writing articles on religious subjects. Her fame spread with Illustrations of Political Economy (9 vol., 1832–34) and Illustrations of Taxation (1834), two series of stories interpreting classical economics to the layman. After a visit to the United States in 1834, she became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and wrote several unflattering works on the American way of life, including Society in America (1837) and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838). Her later writings include Deerbrook (1839), a novel; The Playfellow (4 vol., 1841), tales for children; Letters on Mesmerism (1845); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1853); and a very candid autobiography (1877), containing commentaries on the literary figures of her day.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Wheatley (1957); study by R. K. Webb (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Though Martineau claimed to have learned a great deal about the importance of courage in authorship from reading this review, she also acknowledged that it had damaging effects on her career.
Without them, Martineau almost certainly would have lost her finger, she said.
LOGAN, Utah -- Martineau has served on the Steering Committee and as the FACT Standards Chair for three years.
Andy Raynor, chief executive at Shakespeares and now Shakespeare Martineau, said: "We were very fortunate space was available within the same building as SGH Martineau on adjacent floors.
Caroline Hutton, director of Martineau Gardens, said: "We're looking forward to welcoming new faces to Martineau Gardens through this Storytelling Festival.
Martineau alleged in a pending 2006 civil suit that Officer Watkins severely beat him with his service baton on the night of April 2, 2005, while working a paid detail at Club Red on Pleasant Street.
The Fasken Martineau report succinctly analyses these positions, and how they affect the election race.
For self-described longtime "hysterical activists" Martineau and Ducastel, this was part of the game plan.
The current Martineau Square - typical of many drab looking 1960s concrete developments in Birmingham - is in one of the most prestigious locations in Corporation Street, opposite Rackham's department store.
There are no canned foods,'' said Martineau, a 61-year-old resident of Rosamond.
Harriet Martineau in the London Daily News is designed to meet partially that need for Martineau scholars.
Lim Boon Heong will report to Philippe Martineau, Executive Vice President of the NFC Business Line.