Martyrdom


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Martyrdom

See also Sacrifice.
Agatha, St.
tortured for resisting advances of Quintianus. [Christian Hagiog.: Daniel, 21]
Alban, St.
traditionally, first British martyr. [Christian Hagiog: NCE, 49]
Andrew, St.
apostle and missionary; condemned to be scourged and crucified. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewster, 4]
arrow and cross
symbol of martyrdom of St. Sebastian. [Christian Iconog.: Attwater, 304]
Brown, John
(1800–1859) abolitionist leader; died for antislavery cause. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 111]
Callista
beautiful Greek convert; executed and later canonized. [Br. Lit.: Callista]
Campion, Edmund
harassed and tortured by Anglicans, hanged on a false charge of treason. [Br. Lit.: Edmund Campion in Magill I, 237]
carnelian
symbol of St. Sebastian. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewer Handbook, I, 411]
Elmo, St.
patron saint of sailors; intestines wound on windlass. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 117]
Golgotha
place of martyrdom or of torment; after site of Christ’s crucifixion. [Western Folklore: Espy, 79]
Holy Innocents
male infants slaughtered by Herod. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 179; N.T.: Matthew 2:16–18]
James Intercisus, St.
cut to pieces for belief in Christianity. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewster, 2]
Jesus Christ
crucified at demand of Jewish authorities. [N.T.: Matthew 27:24–61; Mark 15:15–47; Luke 23:13–56; John 19:13–42]
Joan of Arc, St.
(1412–1431) burned at stake for witchcraft (1431). [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 1417; Br. Lit.: I Henry VI]
John the Baptist, St.
Jewish prophet; beheaded at instigation of Salome. [N.T.: Matthew 11:1–19; 17:11–13]
More, Sir Thomas
(1478–1535) statesman and humanist; be-headed for opposition to Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy [Br. Hist.: NCE, 1830]
Nero’s Torches
oil- and tar-smeared Christians implanted and set aflame. [Christian Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 614]
palm
appeared on martyrs’ graves. [Christian Symbolism: Appleton, 73]
Perpetua, St., and St. Felicity
gored by wild beasts; slain with swords. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 273]
Peter, St.
apostle crucified upside down in Rome. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewster, 310]
Sacco and Vanzetti
(Nicola, 1891–1927) (Bartolomeo, 1888–1927) perhaps executed more for radicalism than murder (August 22, 1927). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 311]
Sebastian, St.
Roman soldier; shot with arrows and struck with clubs. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewster, 75]
Stephen, St.
first martyr; stoned as blasphemer. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 313]
sword
instrument of decapitation of early saints. [Christian Symbolism: Appleton, 14]
Thecla, St.
first woman martyr. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewer Dictionary, 1072]
Thomas à Becket, St.
(1118–1170) brutally slain in Canterbury cathedral by king’s knights. [Br. Hist.: NCE, 2735–2736]
References in classic literature ?
Now, after he had won the crown of martyrdom (though with no longer a head to wear it on), the point might be looked upon as settled.
Martyrdom made a saint of the trivial and foolish Marie Antoinette, and her biographers still keep her fragrant with the odor of sanctity to this day, while unconsciously proving upon almost every page they write that the only calamitous instinct which her husband lacked, she supplied--the instinct to root out and get rid of an honest, able, and loyal official, wherever she found him.
Her first experimental attempt at martyrdom had not been a distinguished success.
It is part of the martyrdom which I endure for the cause of the Truth that there are seasons of mental weakness, when Cubes and Spheres flit away into the background of scarce-possible existences; when the Land of Three Dimensions seems almost as visionary as the Land of One or None; nay, when even this hard wall that bars me from my freedom, these very tablets on which I am writing, and all the substantial realities of Flatland itself, appear no better than the offspring of a diseased imagination, or the baseless fabric of a dream.
Miss M'Glashan, for that was the aunt's name, read a large bible in the kitchen with some of the joys of martyrdom.
This was a regular martyrdom, a continual, intolerable humiliation at the thought, which passed into an incessant and direct sensation, that I was a mere fly in the eyes of all this world, a nasty, disgusting fly--more intelligent, more highly developed, more refined in feeling than any of them, of course--but a fly that was continually making way for everyone, insulted and injured by everyone.
You can understand that a man who has such views will never allow himself to be taken, or if taken, will undergo martyrdom rather than speak.
Listen," said Morcerf -- "if Mademoiselle Danglars were disposed to take pity on my supposed martyrdom on her account, and would dispense with all matrimonial formalities between our two families, I am ready to agree to the arrangement.
Charles, leaning on a table, was gazing at a medallion of his wife and daughter; he was waiting first for Juxon, then for martyrdom.
Hereupon the people of each parish gathered closer round their minister, who looked calmly upwards and assumed a more apostolic dignity, as well befitted a candidate for the highest honor of his profession, the crown of martyrdom.
The enemies of a great and good man can in no other way make him so glorious as by giving him the crown of martyrdom.
The latter felt himself crushed, the sweat flowed from his brow, no word presented itself to his lips, he suffered an inexpressible martyrdom.