Mary Wollstonecraft

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Wollstonecraft, Mary

(wo͝ol`stənkräft, –krăft), 1759–97, English author and feminist, b. London. She was an early proponent of educational equality between men and women, expressing this radical opinion in Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1786). Her most important book, A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), was the first great feminist document. She also wrote several novels. In Paris, where she lived with an American, Gilbert Imlay, during much of the French Revolution, she was close to many of the Revolution's leading political figures. After the birth (1794) of a daughter, Fanny, Imlay deserted her, and in 1797 she married William GodwinGodwin, William,
1756–1836, English author and political philosopher. A minister in his youth, he was, however, plagued by religious doubts and gave up preaching in 1783 for a literary career.
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. She died within days of giving birth to another daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft ShelleyShelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,
1797–1851, English author; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 was married to him.
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, who married Percy Bysshe Shelley.


See W. Godwin, Memoirs of Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (1798); biographies by C. Tomalin (1974), E. Sunstein (1975), J. Lorch (1990), J. Todd (2000), D. Jacobs (2001), and L. Gordon (2005); C. Gordon, Romantic Outlaws: The Extraordinary Lives of Mary Wollstonecraft and Her Daughter Mary Shelley (2015); studies by J. Bouten (1975), M. Poovey (1984), M. Ferguson and J. Todd (1984), A. Meena (1989), S. M. Conger (1994), H. D. Jump, ed. (1994 and 2003); M. J. Falco, ed. (1996), A. Tauchert (2002), and B. Taylor (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
Quoted in full, the following diary entries cover the period from three days before the birth of Mary Godwin Shelley to the burial of Mary Wollstonecraft on 15 September 1797:
The company will locate to a new 18,000-SF manufacturing facility next door to a Firestone Industries facility, said Mary Godwin, director of the Prescott-Nevada County Chamber of Commerce.
Only when he married Mary Godwin did he acquire a stable home life as well as a deeply caring guardian of his poetry and plays.
Radius has appointed Dennis Dunnigan as chief financial officer and vice president of finance; Matthew Medeiros as vice president of the systems group; and Mary Godwin as vice president of operations.
Greek, with its suggestively eastern exoticism, also seemed appropriate to describe the exciting strangeness of illicit love, and in his letters to Mary Godwin Shelley coined Greek words as a lovers' code, thus pointing up the voluptuously eastern associations of the language.