Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley


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Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,

1797–1851, English author; daughter of William GodwinGodwin, William,
1756–1836, English author and political philosopher. A minister in his youth, he was, however, plagued by religious doubts and gave up preaching in 1783 for a literary career.
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 and Mary WollstonecraftWollstonecraft, Mary
, 1759–97, English author and feminist, b. London. She was an early proponent of educational equality between men and women, expressing this radical opinion in Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1786).
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. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe ShelleyShelley, Percy Bysshe
, 1792–1822, English poet, b. Horsham, Sussex. He is ranked as one of the great English poets of the romantic period. A Tempestuous Life
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, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 was married to him. Her most notable contribution to literature is her novel of terror, Frankenstein, published in 1818. It is the story of a German student who learns the secret of infusing life into inanimate matter and creates a monster that ultimately destroys him. Included among her other novels are Valperga (1823), The Last Man (1826), and the partly autobiographical Lodore (1835). After Shelley's death in 1822, she devoted herself to caring for her aged father and educating her only surviving child, Percy Florence Shelley. In 1839–40 she edited her husband's works.

Bibliography

See her journal (ed. by F. L. Jones, 1947); her letters (ed. by M. Spark and D. Stamford, 1953); biographies by M. Spark (1951, repr. 1988), N. B. Gerson (1973), and M. Seymour (2001); C. Gordon, Romantic Outlaws: The Extraordinary Lives of Mary Wollstonecraft and Her Daughter Mary Shelley (2015); studies by W. A. Walling (1972), E. Sunstein (1989), and R. Montillo (2013).

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft

 

Born Aug. 30, 1797, in London; died there Feb. 1, 1851. English writer. Daughter of W. Godwin; wife of P. B. Shelley.

The hero of Shelley’s novel Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus (1818; Russian translation, 1965) creates a monster that tries to do good, but, embittered by loneliness, kills its creator. A gloomy picture of the coming downfall of mankind through epidemics and starvation is at the center of her novel The Last Man (1826). Shelley also wrote the autobiographical novel Lodore (1835) and commentaries to a posthumous edition of works by P. B. Shelley (1839).

WORKS

The Letters of Mary Shelley, vols. 1–2. Norman, Okla., 1944–46.
Mary Shelley’s Journal. Norman, Okla., 1947.

REFERENCES

Bel’skii, A. A. Angliiskii roman 1800–1810-x gg. Perm’, 1968.
Spark, M. Child of Light. Hadleigh, Essex, 1951.
Small, C. Ariel Like a Harpy. London, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (original 1818 text), eds.
Stimpson (Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1984) 117 and 171; and Sunstein 248, as well as Mary Shelley, The Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus: the 1818 Text, ed.
Joining the ranks of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley and her feminist essays, the efforts of the suffragettes and the new wave of feminists of the 1960s,is a new female revolutionary,finally making her mark in an exciting new biography.
Sweeping aside the essays of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the efforts of the suffragettes and the new wave of feminists of the 1960s,a new female revolutionary has finally made her mark in an exciting new biography.
We have been using the notion of a group or "circle" of individuals in romantic studies for decades--for example, in the title of Hyder Rollins' collection of papers centered on Keats (The Keats Circle, 1948), in the title of Kenneth Cameron and Donald Reiman's more elaborate assemblage centered on the Shelleys (Shelley and His Circle, 1961--), and in such routine phrasings as show up in the headnote to the Keats-Shelley Journal's annual bibliography covering "articles, reviews, and book-length studies of Byron, Hazlitt, Hunt, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, John Keats, and their circles.