Masaniello


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Masaniello

(mäzänyĕl`lō), 1620?–1647, Neapolitan revolutionist, whose original name was Tommaso Aniello. A fisherman, he led a revolt of the lower classes, burdened by high taxes, against the Spanish rulers of Naples. Tumults broke out in 1647 and soon became so serious that the Spanish viceroy came to terms with Masaniello, promised the reforms demanded, and recognized him as captain general. Demented by his sudden success, Masaniello was killed shortly afterward either by agents of the Spanish viceroy or by his own disillusioned supporters. The revolution was soon repressed.

Masaniello

 

(shortened form for Tommaso Aniello). Born June 1620 in Naples; died there July 16, 1647. Italian fisherman, leader of the popular antifeudal uprising in Naples in July 1647, which was directed mainly against Spanish supremacy.

The introduction of a tax on fruits was the cause of the revolt. The insurgents burned tax documents, besieged the palace of the viceroy, and proclaimed Masaniello captain general of the people of Naples. The peasants of Calabria, Puglia, and Abruzzi and inhabitants of many southern Italian towns aligned themselves with the insurrectionists. The viceroy was forced to negotiate with the insurgents and to rescind the new tax, but at the same time he arranged for the murder of Masaniello. The uprising continued after Masaniello’s death. It was suppressed by the Spanish Army only in April 1648.

References in classic literature ?
Her casuistry was interrupted by some one softly whistling a theme from the overture to Masaniello, popular at the college in the form of an arrangement for six pianofortes and twelve hands.
But, even in this case, its subversive potential is limited, as carnivalesque revolution lacks an organized agenda, and society (what Eco calls conservazione) soon reabsorbs or expunges it, encompassing it within--or relegating it without --its own staged and fixed boundaries, as Sanges points out when describing the "energia spaventevole" of the brief popular upheaval led by Masaniello in 1647.
A programme from the 1860s lists choral and instrumental renditions of works from Zampa and Masaniello, and some tasteful ballads sung by Madame Alford (Holder's Grand Concert Hall: Programme [1867]).
Consider this list of heroes and heroines from past Bread and Puppet shows: Joan of Arc; the 17th-century Italian fisherman Masaniello, who led a revolt against I lapsburg Spain; Adolfina Yillanueva, an artist murdered by the police in Puerto Rico in 1980; Archbishop Oscar Romero of San Salvador, assassinated by right-wing death squads the same year; Brazilian rain-forest advocate Chico Mendes, who likewise died for his cause; and Mexican Revolution leader Eimliano Zapata, to name a few.
But the character which secured to Nourrit his greatest triumph both as a singer and as an actor was Masaniello.
La siguiente ponente, Ana Minguito, centro su intervencion en la heterogeneidad de la produccion propagandistica partenopea durante la revuelta de Masaniello.
It will be a shrewd, aristocratic combination, a studied calculation for determining with which arts and up to what point the conspiracy of the rich, of the strong, and of the astute can compress the rioting of the poor, of the weak, and of the stupid, an unconscious mob guided by some Masaniello.
Thus when Masaniello himself was killed he was seen as "a Christ who was offered in sacrifice for his people, the lamb of God who knew he would be sacrificed .
1830) possibly a re-working of Fitzball's The Inchcape Bell; or, The Dumb Sailor Boy (1828), The Dumb Belle (1831), Jack Robinson and his Monkey (1829), Masaniello (1857), The Mummy (1833), The Irish Doctor; or, The Dumb Lady Cured (1856) and The Silent Woman (1835) represent a small sample of the material on offer.
Who wouldn't wish for a time machine to go back to that very Hrst night of the Hippodrome in its circus incarnation in October 1899, when Auber's Overture Masaniello rang up the curtain on a bill including Cliffe Berzac and his Wrestling and Boxing Pon, banjoists Edgar and Eugene, and "funny skaters" The Mayos?
Tawa 38 First half popular songs, airs from Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber's Masaniello.