Masaniello


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Masaniello

(mäzänyĕl`lō), 1620?–1647, Neapolitan revolutionist, whose original name was Tommaso Aniello. A fisherman, he led a revolt of the lower classes, burdened by high taxes, against the Spanish rulers of Naples. Tumults broke out in 1647 and soon became so serious that the Spanish viceroy came to terms with Masaniello, promised the reforms demanded, and recognized him as captain general. Demented by his sudden success, Masaniello was killed shortly afterward either by agents of the Spanish viceroy or by his own disillusioned supporters. The revolution was soon repressed.

Masaniello

 

(shortened form for Tommaso Aniello). Born June 1620 in Naples; died there July 16, 1647. Italian fisherman, leader of the popular antifeudal uprising in Naples in July 1647, which was directed mainly against Spanish supremacy.

The introduction of a tax on fruits was the cause of the revolt. The insurgents burned tax documents, besieged the palace of the viceroy, and proclaimed Masaniello captain general of the people of Naples. The peasants of Calabria, Puglia, and Abruzzi and inhabitants of many southern Italian towns aligned themselves with the insurrectionists. The viceroy was forced to negotiate with the insurgents and to rescind the new tax, but at the same time he arranged for the murder of Masaniello. The uprising continued after Masaniello’s death. It was suppressed by the Spanish Army only in April 1648.

References in classic literature ?
Her casuistry was interrupted by some one softly whistling a theme from the overture to Masaniello, popular at the college in the form of an arrangement for six pianofortes and twelve hands.
It will be a shrewd, aristocratic combination, a studied calculation for determining with which arts and up to what point the conspiracy of the rich, of the strong, and of the astute can compress the rioting of the poor, of the weak, and of the stupid, an unconscious mob guided by some Masaniello.
note] Tommaso Aniello (1622-1647), or Masaniello, was killed while leading a mob revolt against the Spanish Habsburg regime in Naples in the summer of 1647.
Who wouldn't wish for a time machine to go back to that very Hrst night of the Hippodrome in its circus incarnation in October 1899, when Auber's Overture Masaniello rang up the curtain on a bill including Cliffe Berzac and his Wrestling and Boxing Pon, banjoists Edgar and Eugene, and "funny skaters" The Mayos?
A French troop has been imported to act in Masaniello, which gang usurps the place of many native performers of ability, who being deprived of their regular engagements at a national theatre are sent to starve in the provinces.
Covent Garden's dire financial situation had begun to improve around the turn of the year when Nell Gwynne, a new play by Douglas Jerrold, and Puss in Boots, a popular pantomime, were added to the offerings, supplementing the singing and dancing in Masaniello.
Tawa 38 First half popular songs, airs from Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber's Masaniello.
De Miranda demonstrates how the practice of the Academy always sought to create and maintain a unified, tranquil social tapestry blending the interests of the viceroy's court, the ecclesiastical and aristocratic communities, and the citizenry, a tapestry torn by the revolt of Masaniello, and much sought after especially after the departure of Viceroy Lemos in 1615.
Segue il vivido e minuto ragguaglio di Alessandro Giraffi (239-75) sulla "Rivoluzione napoletana" di Masaniello del 1647.