Mascarene Islands

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Mascarene Islands

(măskərēn`), in the Indian Ocean, E of Madagascar. They include MauritiusMauritius
, officially Republic of Mauritius, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,231,000), 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, c.500 mi (800 km) E of Madagascar.
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, RéunionRéunion
, island and overseas department of France (2005 est. pop. 777,000), c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean c.430 mi (690 km) E of Madagascar. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
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, and RodriguezRodriguez
or Rodrigues
, island (1996 est. pop. 34,883), 42 sq mi (109 sq km), in the Indian Ocean, c.350 mi (560 km) E of Mauritius, of which it is a dependency. One of the Mascarene Islands, it is surrounded by coral reef. Port Mathurin is the chief town.
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. Apparently known to the Arabs, they were rediscovered by the Portuguese at the beginning of the 16th cent. The islands are named for Pedro Mascarenhas, who visited them c.1512.

Mascarene Islands

 

a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the island of Madagascar. The group consists of three large islands: Reunion (a French possession), Mauritius, and Rodriguez (both part of the independent state of Mauritius). They are composed of volcanic rock and have elevations to 3,069 (on Reunion). There are active volcanos on the Mascarene Islands. The climate is tropical, trade-wind, and damp. The wind-ward slopes of the mountains have areas of evergreen tropical forests; on the leeward slopes there is savanna. The islands have sugarcane, coconut palm, tea, aloe, coffee, and vanilla plantations. The first European to reach the islands was the Portuguese Pedro de Mascarenhas in 1507.

References in periodicals archive ?
1), is present on the island of Reunion, in the Mascarene Archipelago, which represents a considerable eastward range extension.
Mascarene Plateau on 1 December 2008 and sole submission in respect of Rodrigues Island on 6 May 2009) P.
Drowne was initiating a double, completed when he got the big Rod Millman mare Eastern Paramour home by a length from favourite Mascarene in the 1m2f maiden.
Three species of zoysia grass are suitable for use as lawns: Manila grass or Japanese carpet grass (Zoysia matrella), Japanese lawn grass (Zoysiajaponica) and Mascarene grass (Zoysia tenuifolia).
My parents are about to sell their company too cheap," an MBA student whose family owns a medical equipment distribution company on the Mascarene Islands once told me.
Sakalava and other ethnic groups outside of the empire profited from their Indian, Mascarene, and Swahili trade connections and raised money to buy arms and raid Merina territory.
1640-1699), a volume in the Colonial Society of Massachusetts Publications series; on "The Journal of Abner Barrows, 1756- 1758," Bulletin of the Fort Ticonderoga Museum; and doing research on the family correspondence of Jean-Paul Mascarene, 1724-1743, manuscript collections at the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Ottawa, Ontario.
The sculptures all represent creatures that once lived on the Mascarene Islands of Mauritius, Reunion and Rodrigues - but have since become extinct.
Indian Ocean islands such as the Mascarene Islands, Comoros, Seychelles, and Madagascar are home to an unparalleled diversity, and yet, with the exception of Madagascar, the region is underrepresented in the current scientific literature.
These are the hot spots: Philippines; Gulf of Guinea (off the west coast of Africa); Sunda Islands, Indonesia; southern Mascarene Islands (Indian Ocean); eastern coastal waters of South Africa; northern Indian Ocean; waters of southern Japan, Taiwan, and southern China; Cape Verde Islands (off West Africa); western Caribbean; and the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
The governor in mid-century was Paul Mascarene, a Huguenot whose sympathies were with the Acadians though his religion was Protestant.