Mathnawi

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Mathnawi

 

a verse form in Arabic, Persian, and Turkic poetry; a rhymed hayt (distich), or a work consisting of many such distichs, each with its own rhyme, Inasmuch as the form was used chiefly in the composition of long narrative poems, the term mathnawi was applied to the genre itself. In regard to content, the most notable types within the genre are the heroic mathnawi (Shah Nama of Firdausi), the didactic-philosophical (the long poems of Nizami), and the romantic mathnawi (Layla and Majnun of Navai).

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Istoriia persidsko-tadzhikskoi literatury. Moscow, 1960.
K viatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’ Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among his topics are reading strategies for introducing the Qur'an as literature in an American public university, mystical language and the teaching context in the early lexicons of Sufism, the spirit of Islamic calligraphy: Baba Shah Isfahani's Adab al-mashq, wakened by the dove's trill: structure and meaning in the preface of Rumi's Masnavi Book Four, and concepts of religion in the Dabistan.
Masnavi is a kind of verse in which the couplets rhyme regularly.
Shabnam's works include Masnavi Sair-e-Karachi (1959), Jazeera,Tohmat, Doosra Himala, Hyde Park, Mozay Chilghozay, Hurf Nissbat.
Fuzuli began writing poetry at an early age, composing sometime around his twentieth year the important masnavi entitled Beng u Bade (Hashish and Wine), in which he compared the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II to hashish and the Safavid shah Ismail I to wine, much to the advantage of the latter.
I have relied on the Tarikh-i-Firishta, the Masnavi "Deval Rani Khizr Khan" by Amir Khusrau, The Khilji Dynasty by VD Mahajan and some other reliable sources.
Rumi's most famous work is the Masnavi (also written as Mathnawi); an anthology of poems written in Persian which mainly consists of parables and anecdotes from the Quran and the prophetic hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad).
Masnavi I Ma'navi: The Spiritual Couplets of Maulana Jalalu-'D-Din IRumi.
Rumi's spiritual and mystical epics, the Masnavi and the Divan, are widely considered among the best poetry ever written and have been translated into numerous languages.
Turkey and Iran have shown joint interest over filing the Masnavi Ma'navi, Rumi's most important work, as their heritage in the UNESCO heritage list.
During the 1960s, Shahnameh (the national epic of Iran) was translated into Russian and Molavi's Masnavi has recently been translated to Russian in two volumes, which has received a wide welcome in Moscow," the Iranian minister said.
His major innovation is the "historical" masnavi vis-a-vis the traditional legendary one, where he presents contemporary figures and episodes which abound with history of the Sultanate period.
The audio-visual presentation included glimpses of the extra-ordinary life events of Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi his encounter with Shams Tabriz the theme and philosophy of "Dervish Raqs" or Sema and the mammoth literary gift that Rumi left behind in the form of Divan-Shams Tabriz and Masnavi.