Massandra


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Massandra

 

an urban-type settlement in Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, 5 km east of Yalta. It is the site of a large grape and wine-making combine of the same name. Massandra is a seaside climatic resort on the southern shore of the Crimea. Therapeutic means include aeroheliotherapy, the grape cure (September to November), and bathing in the sea (June through October).


Massandra

 

a vine-growing and wine combine of the Soviet food industry.

The Massandra Combine is a major enterprise for the production of grapes, high-quality grape wines, tobacco, fruits, and other agricultural products. The combine includes sovkhozes located on the south coast of the Crimea. Its principal crop is grapes. The Massandra wineries and sovkhozes turn out 33 brands of wine: strong wines (port, Madeira, and sherry), dessert wines (Tokay, muscat, and Cahors), table wines, and champagne. The wines are outstanding for their bouquet and taste. They have been awarded many medals in international competition.

The Massandra Combine has very old facilities for long-term aging and processing of wine; they were established in 1897. The wineries are equipped with modern mechanized and automated equipment and use advanced technology for highly efficient production. The cellars of the Massandra Combine store over 400,000 bottles of more than 700 varieties of domestic and foreign wines; some of these bottles date back to 1775.

REFERENCE

Okhremenko, N. S. Vinodelie i vina Ukrainy. Moscow, 1966.

I. N. OKOLELOV

References in periodicals archive ?
UKRAINE: Crimea: 2 [male], 1 [female], Cherson Taurica, Sevastopol [44[degrees]36'N, 33[degrees]31'E] (NHRS); 1 [male], Yalta, Massandra Park [44[degrees]30'N, 34[degrees]11'E], 20 May-19 June 2001, N.
Kovblyuk (MR); 1 [female], Yalta, Massandra Park [44[degrees]30'N, 34[degrees]11'E], 20 May-19 June 2001, N.
THEMED HOLIDAYS Ukraine Tour: Travelsphere (0800 191 418) offers an eight-day tour of Yalta/Kiev from May 22 from pounds 924, incl flights into Simferopol and back from Kiev, transfers, half-board accom, two lunches, city tours, wine tasting at Massandra, naval base at Sebastopol and ancient remains of Chersonesus.
The palaces of tsars, princes, and other grandees were obvious points of interest: the royal palaces at Massandra and Livadia, the Vorontsov Palace in Alupka, Crown Prince Karl-Ludwig's residence in Lemberg.
But perhaps the greatest threat to the Massandra Collection which had been growing steadily year on year, came in 1941 in the depths of the Second World War.
The next crisis at Massandra arose in 1920 in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution.
But at Massandra the long underground tunnels which by then were storing thousands of bottles of the Czars' best vintages remained unscathed.
It was in 1894 that Tsar Nicholas II, who had a summer residence near Massandra came to the conclusion that it would be a good idea to construct a winery to supply him and the rest of the Romanov Royal Family with top quality wine during their sojourn at the Royal Summer Palace near Yalta.
Eleven bottles of Massandra red port in Imperial-shaped bottles, two with the Tsar's seal and the others without, estimated value pre-sale being pounds 2,800--pounds 3,800 for the bottles bearing the seal.
More than 150 different types of Massandra wine were represented in the sale.
The sale concludes with some Massandra Crimean wine from the 19th century such as Livadia Red Port, costing some pounds 1,200 to 1,600 per three bottles.
Travelsphere (0800 191 418) offers eight-day tour of Yalta/ Kiev from May 22 from pounds 924, incl flights into Simferopol and back from Kiev, transfers, half-board, two lunches, city tours, wine tasting at Massandra, naval base at Sebastopol and ancient remains of Chersonesus