Massawa


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Massawa

(məsä`wə), city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with AsmaraAsmara
, city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of Massawa.
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. Agreements with Eritrea gave Ethiopia continued access to its port facilities, but after the border war (1998–2000) between the two countries Ethiopian use of the port ended, severely affecting the local economy. Major industries include meat processing and the production of cement and salt. Fishing is also important to the economy. Long a commercial port, Massawa was part of the kingdom of Aksum (c.1st–8th cent. A.D.). In 1577 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks, who in 1868 transferred it to Egyptian control. In 1885, Massawa was taken by Italy, and from 1889 to 1900 it was the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. Until Etritrean independence it was the main base of the Ethiopian navy, which had a naval training school there. The secessionist Eritrean movement was involved in fighting against the Ethiopian government in the city. Massawa's port was especially important for receiving arms shipments and the city was heavily damaged during the 30-year war of independence. Its name is also spelled Massaua and Mitsiwa.

Massawa

 

(Massaua), a city in northern Ethiopia, in Eritrea. Population, 18,500 (1970). It is a port on the Red Sea, handling about one-third of the country’s foreign trade freight, and mainly serves Eritrea. The port and commercial part of the city are situated on islands joined to the mainland by causeways. Massawa is connected with Asmara by railroad and highway. It has cement industry, fish canning, and salt making. Mother-of-pearl and pearls are harvested.

Massawa

, Massaua
a port in E central Eritrea, on the Red Sea: capital of Eritrea during Italian occupation, from 1885 until 1900. Pop.: 40 000 (1992)
References in periodicals archive ?
There was also a 306 km railway from Massawa to the Sudanese border and the world's longest cable car which brought goods to and from the capital, Asmara, to the coast.
The port of Massawa, in northern Eritrea, now serves only Asmara, the capital of Eritrea; no Ethiopian through traffic is handled there.
In the same year, the WFP opened the port of Massawa, which had been closed for nearly a year because of the Eritrean War.
For those fortunate enough to obtain a travel permit--the government currently controls travel by foreigners outside of the capital--Eritrea hosts evidence of human civilization from the million-year-old paleontological site at Buya, to the Greco-Roman city of Qohaito, to Ottoman structures in Massawa, to Asmara's Art Deco architecture.
They were captured by the Sudanese authorities and sent back to prison in Massawa and given tighter and tougher security.
Permission is usually granted to areas such as Massawa and Keren, which are known tourist destinations; however, requests to areas near the borders and regions not frequently traveled by diplomats are typically turned down.
A steam engine might do it - one of the 33-year-old's favourite ports of call is the war-battered Eritrean town of Massawa, where a pre-war Italian train winds its way into the mountains.
The first cargo charter flight took off from the newly-opened Al Maktoum International Airport in Jebel Ali for Massawa International Airport of the East-African state of Eritrea on September 12.
Through StarBroker AG, DHL's in-house carrier, the first chartered flight from DWC bound for Massawa International Airport of the east-African state of Eritrea was successfully given the necessary landing rights to complete a seamless and on-time delivery of cargo.
Massawa Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki admits for the first time that his country was approached by the United States to host military facilities in the port city of Assab, but he turned down the request.
Eritrean marine forces seized 10 Yemeni fishing boats while exiting in international waters during the past few days and took them along with 98 fishermen on board to Massawa port.
So an opportunity to sail to Suakin, Massawa and Djibouti during a 10-day cruise aboard Spirit of Adventure was an offer too good to miss.