Massawa


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Massawa

(məsä`wə), city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with AsmaraAsmara
, city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of Massawa.
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. Agreements with Eritrea gave Ethiopia continued access to its port facilities, but after the border war (1998–2000) between the two countries Ethiopian use of the port ended, severely affecting the local economy. Major industries include meat processing and the production of cement and salt. Fishing is also important to the economy. Long a commercial port, Massawa was part of the kingdom of Aksum (c.1st–8th cent. A.D.). In 1577 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks, who in 1868 transferred it to Egyptian control. In 1885, Massawa was taken by Italy, and from 1889 to 1900 it was the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. Until Etritrean independence it was the main base of the Ethiopian navy, which had a naval training school there. The secessionist Eritrean movement was involved in fighting against the Ethiopian government in the city. Massawa's port was especially important for receiving arms shipments and the city was heavily damaged during the 30-year war of independence. Its name is also spelled Massaua and Mitsiwa.

Massawa

 

(Massaua), a city in northern Ethiopia, in Eritrea. Population, 18,500 (1970). It is a port on the Red Sea, handling about one-third of the country’s foreign trade freight, and mainly serves Eritrea. The port and commercial part of the city are situated on islands joined to the mainland by causeways. Massawa is connected with Asmara by railroad and highway. It has cement industry, fish canning, and salt making. Mother-of-pearl and pearls are harvested.

Massawa

, Massaua
a port in E central Eritrea, on the Red Sea: capital of Eritrea during Italian occupation, from 1885 until 1900. Pop.: 40 000 (1992)
References in periodicals archive ?
Bruce managed to charter passage to Massawa with a merchant sailing ship, but it was a slow journey.
Among the youths, Amanuel Sahle, Selam Kahsai, Abdurahman Mohammed and Mohammed Saleh Hussein voiced appreciation for the historical sites they visited vis-a-vis the infrastructural facilities and marine activities in Massawa.
Dawit Mengisteab, General Manager of Massawa Port Authority, pointed out that the training could be effective thanks to the enthusiasm and integrated work witnessed in the process, and called on the beneficiaries to focus on further career development.
But if the Dahlak Hotel in Massawa is a marker, Eritrea has a long way to go to reach international standards.
When Eritrea finally gained independence from Ethiopia in May 1991, its principle port city of Massawa was a shambles.
The target group is located around Assab and Massawa and the 70 villages along the Red Sea coast.
The recent US$10m (ECU8m) loan signed between the EIB and Eritrea will be used to upgrade the cable networks in Massawa and Keren.
The Ministry of Agriculture s branch in Massawa sub-zone indicated that the residents of the port city are engaged in soil and water conservation ventures involving the construction and renovation of narrow and wide water diversion canals, as well as restoring erosion-hit areas.
An estimated $35m is required to rebuild national flight capacity, with work underway in Assab, Massawa, Dahlak, Tessenai, Agordat, Barentu and Nacfa.
According to a leaked cable from the US embassy in Asmara, the former US ambassador, Ronald McMullen, said Afewerki feared the US would try to kill him by firing a missile on his residence in the coastal city of Massawa.
The event, sponsored by socially responsible and NEPAD compliant Starr African Rum, will feature top African restaurants in New York such as Braai, Zereoue, Korohogo 126, The Bubble Lounge, Massawa, and Blue Marble Ice Cream.
The director of the Northern Red Sea Regional Massawa Hospital in Eritrea told Mrs Tooke her husband could be returned in six months.