Massimo Bontempelli


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Bontempelli, Massimo

 

Born May 12, 1878, in Como; died July 23, 1960, in Rome. Italian writer.

Between 1926 and 1929, Bontempelli supervised the journal Novecento in Rome and was the theoretician of the literary tendency called Novecentism, which proclaimed the emancipation of the creative power of fantasy from reality (for example, in the book Literary Novecentism, 1931). He advanced the formulation of magical realism, which combined realistic concreteness and grotesque fantasy and confused the regularities of the real world, in the novels A Son of Two Mothers (1929), People in Time (1937), and others.

WORKS

Tutto narratore, vols. 1–7. [Milan], 1938.
In Russian translation:
“Ostrov Iren.” In Ital’ianskaia novella XX veka. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Russo, L. Inarratori (1850–1950). Milan-Messina, [1951].
Gargiulo, A. Letteratura italiana del novecento. Florence, 1958.
Baldacci, L. M. Bontempelli. Turin, [1967].

Z. M. POTAPOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Ortese's typical intermingling of reality and dreams led many critics to label her work "magic realism," a mode of writing made famous in Italy by Massimo Bontempelli, with whom Ortese had a prolific correspondence.
Massimo Bontempelli (Escritor italiano introductor del surrealismo literario, conocido hoy como realismo magico) y Evgueni Evtushenko (Poeta ruso que escribio con demasiada libertad para su tiempo, y cuyos poemas estan basados en premisas esteticas que en ideas politicas), entre otros mas.
Luego Minnie la candida, de Massimo Bontempelli, una obra injustamente olvidada.
La generosidad del gesto encauza la optima recepcion de su gira teatral, envuelta en palabras de agradecimiento hacia un dramaturgo que, a diferencia de su alborotador companero de viaje, Massimo Bontempelli, se desenvuelve con pericia entre los interlocutores antifascistas y logra aplacar los bullentes antagonismos.
En ese 1973 Jose Emilio Pacheco era ya el autor de cuatro libros de poemas: Los elementos de la noche (1963); El reposo del fuego (1966); No me preguntes como pasa el tiempo (1969) e Iras y no volveras (1973); de tres libros de cuentos: La sangre de Medusa (1959), El viento distante (1963) y El principio del placer (1972); de una adaptacion teatral sobre una pieza de Quevedo (El marido fantasma, puesta en escena por Juan Jose Gurrola en 1964), de una novela (Moriras lejos, 1968), y de traducciones de autores como Jules Renard, Massimo Bontempelli, Evgueni Evtushensko y Samuel Beckett, entre otros.
The musicians and musicologists were Raffaele De Rensis, Adriano Lualdi, Giuseppe Mule, Alberto Magni Dufflocq, Alceo Toni, Federico Mompellio (who wrote an article on Italian and French publishers), Guglielmo Barblan (The quartet and chamber music), Massimo Bontempelli, Gianandrea Gavazzeni, Federico Ghisi, Guido Pannain, Ulderico Rolandi, Luigi Ronga, Giovanni Tebaldini, and Ottavio Tiby.
Due lettere inedite scritte a mano indirizzate allo scrittore Massimo Bontempelli (5) e con l'intestazione della rivista testimoniano, attraverso il loro tono vivace, che Amalia riesca a gestire con grazia e disinvoltura il lavoro arduo e complesso che comporta il portare avanti una pubblicazione letteraria.
Innocence (2000), Dirigida por Raoul Ruiz y escrita por Massimo Bontempelli y Franpois Dumas.
Although Massimo Bontempelli (1878-1960), the fourth member sitting on this jury, could not be present during this event, Ferro introduces him to his guests as the representative of the New Italy, the embodiment of Italian dynamism.
Magical realism tends to be associated most closely with Latin American fiction, but according to translator Estelle Gilson, the term had its origins in 1920s Italy and the work of Massimo Bontempelli (1878-1960), who declared that "the real norm of the art of narration is to describe the dream as if it were reality, and the reality as if it were a dream.
I recall enjoying Massimo Bontempelli and another Italian, whose name, regrettably, escapes me, in one of whose stories the young hero tremblingly rings the enchanting heroine's doorbell.
Anna Maria Ortese's first book, Angelici dolori, was published by Bompiani of Milan in 1937, under the auspices of Massimo Bontempelli, who praised the book in a meeting of the Italian Academy and awarded it a prize of 5,000 lire--the first of a series of official subsidies given to the near-destitute Ortese through her long life.