Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, marchese d'

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Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, marchese d'

(mäs`sēmō täpärĕl`lē märkā`zā dädzā`lyō), 1798–1866, Italian premier and author, b. Turin. He studied painting, then turned to literature and wrote two historical novels. In 1845 he became a leader of the movement for national liberation. He urged a more unified policy but strongly opposed secret conspiracies and violent outbreaks. In his pamphlets he denounced the papal government and condemned Austria's ruthless repression of Italian liberals. He influenced King Charles Albert of Sardinia to take the lead in the struggle and fought (1848) against Austria, being wounded at Vicenza. In 1849 the new king, Victor Emmanuel II, made him premier, a post he held until 1852, when he was succeeded by the more radical Cavour. His autobiography throws much light on the Risorgimento.

Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli, Marchese d’

 

Born Oct. 24, 1798, in Turin; died Jan. 15, 1866, in Turin. Italian writer, artist, and political figure.

As a writer, Azeglio belonged to the romantic movement, continuing the line of historical novels begun with A. Manzoni’s The Betrothed. Among Azeglio’s most popular novels were The Tournament at Barletta, or Ettore Fieramosca (1833; Russ. trans., 1847, 1865, 1874, 1934, 1963) and Niccolò de Lapi (1841; Russ. trans., 1865), both of which fostered the growth of national self-awareness. In the 1840’s Azeglio, together with Balbo and Gioberti, was an ideologist and leader of the liberal wing in the Italian national liberation and unification movement. He came out against revolutionary methods of struggle, proposing the unification of Italy “from above,” under the leadership of the Savoy dynasty.

The idea of Italian unity was the basis of Azeglio’s work The Latest Events in Romagna (1846). In 1847 he published his Project for a National Program, which became the political credo for moderate Italian liberals. From 1849 to 1852, Azeglio was prime minister and minister of foreign affairs of Piedmont.

WORKS

Racconti, leggende, ricordi. Turin, 1918.

REFERENCES

Friche, V. M. Ital’ianskaia literatura XIX v. Moscow, 1916.
Vaccalluzzo, N. M. d’Azeglio. Rome, 1925.
Vismara, A. Bibliografia du M. d’Azeglio. Milan, 1878.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ma mettere a confronto quel ritratto con un suo antecedente, eseguito dieci anni prima da Giuseppe Molteni e Massimo D'Azeglio, aiuta a cogliere l'importanza della piccola scatolina in legno che da il la al saggio: la tabacchiera va a sostituire nientemeno che il libro tenuto in mano dal pensoso Manzoni del primo quadro.
When statesman Massimo d'Azeglio remarked on the political consolidation of the Italian kingdom in 1861, he stressed the need to build a distinctive identity for its people.
Shortly after independence in 1861, Massimo d'Azeglio, one of the ministers in the new government, is credited with having summed up all that had been accomplished - and much of what remained.
Ragusa also surveys a number of other historical novels authored by Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi, Tommaso Grossi, Cesare Cantu, Massimo D'Azeglio, Ippolito Nievo, and Giuseppe Rovani, before assessing the decline of the genre at the turn of the century.
ROME Hotel Mediterraneo Hotel Massimo D'Azeglio Hotel San Giorgio Hotel Atlantico Hotel Nord FLORENCE Hotel Relais Certosa www.
Massimo d'Azeglio was Prime Minister of Piedmont at the time.