Massine, Léonide

Massine, Léonide

(lāônēd` mäsēn`), 1896–1979, American choreographer and ballet dancer, b. Russia. Massine attended the Imperial Ballet School, St. Petersburg, and became principal dancer and choreographer for DiaghilevDiaghilev, Sergei Pavlovich
, 1872–1929, Russian ballet impresario and art critic, grad. St. Petersburg Conservatory of Music, 1892. In 1898 he founded an influential journal, Mir Iskusstva [The World of Art].
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's Ballets Russes (1914–20) and for the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo (1932–42). He was noted especially as a character dancer. Massine's choreographical works include Parade (1917), La Boutique fantasque (1919), The Three-cornered Hat (1919), Gaité parisienne (1938), Commedia umana (1960), and the films The Red Shoes (1948) and Tales of Hoffman (1951). In the 1940s he worked in the United States with the Ballet Theatre.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1968); biography by V. García-Márquez (1995).