Masuria

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Related to Masurian: Masurian Lakes, Mazury

Masuria

(məzo͝o`rēə), Ger. Masurenland, Pol. Mazury, region, N Poland. It is a low-lying area covered by large lakes and forests and drained by many small rivers. The original population of the region was expelled by the Teutonic Knights and replaced (14th cent.) with Polish settlers. Masuria later became part of East Prussia and was largely Germanized by the early 20th cent. After Masuria passed to Poland in 1945, most of the German-speaking population was expelled and replaced by Poles. The Masurian Lakes region, where more than 2,700 lakes are located, was the scene of heavy fighting early in World War I. Two Russian armies, commanded by generals Samsonov and Rennenkampf, were defeated in the region—Samsonov by Hindenburg at Tannenburg (Aug., 1914) and Rennenkampf by Mackensen in the lake country (Sept., 1914). The Russians were also repulsed (Feb., 1915) in Masuria in the so-called Winter Battle.

Masuria

a region of NE Poland: until 1945 part of East Prussia: includes the Masurian Lakes, scene of Russian defeats by the Germans (1914, 1915) during World War I
References in periodicals archive ?
Aside from Tannenberg and to a much lesser extent the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes, attempts at encirclement failed.
Masuria is to Kruk a space in which subsequent generations of his ancestors have left their trace but the war and post-war policy erased the traces of the Masurian autochthons' presence there.
In a similar way, The Masurians refused merging with the "Catholic" Polish nation and choose German ethnicity in spite of their language;
Amazon, Latin America; Angel Falls, Venezuela; Bay of Fundy, Canada; Black Forest, Germany; Bu Tinah Shoals, United Arab Emirates; Cliffs of Moher, Ireland; Dead Sea, Palestine/Israel/Jordan; El Yunque, Puerto Rico; Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; Grand Canyon, United States; Great Barrier Reef, Papua New Guinea/Australia; Halong Bay, Vietnam; Iguacu Falls, Brazil/Argentina; Jeita Grotto, Lebanon; Jeju Island, South Korea; Kilimanjaro, Tanzania; Komodo National Park, Indonesia; Maldives, Maldives; Masurian Lake District, Poland; Matterhorn/Cervino, Switzerland/Italy; Milford Sound, New Zealand; Mud Volcanoes, Azerbaijan; Puerto Princesa Underground River, Philippines; Sundarbans, India/Bangladesh; Table Mountain, South Africa; Uluru, Australia; Vesuvius, Italy; and Yushan, Taiwan.
Winners of the IMEX Wild Card 2009 contest are Novi Sad, Vojvodina in Serbia; The Cook Islands; Tianjin Economic, Technological Development Area (TEDA) in China; and Masurian Conference Centre Zamek Ryn in Poland.
Firth Szczecin 5-6 30-35 Volgogradskoe Reservoir 7-9 30 Masurian lakes 5 n.
Package incl return flights, seven nights' B&B, some dinners, airport transfers and tour director throughout SPLENDOURS OF POLAND Cox & Kings (020 7873 5000) offers 12-day/11 night escorted tour via Warsaw, Great Masurian Lake District, Gdansk, Wroclaw and Krakow to see six of country's UNESCO World Heritage sites for pounds 1,320 from May 20 and pounds 1,420 from June 3, saving pounds 175.
These hills are a series of terminal moraines from glaciation, and in the northeast of Poland they have blocked the natural water drainage, creating the Masurian Lake District.
The berries are grown in the Masurian lake-lands region of Poland and are rich nutrients known to have health benefits, such as high levels of folic acid, calcium and vitamins B and C.
There are many other fascinating areas in Poland, including the Great Masurian Lakes in the northeast, the Baltic coast, the Biebrzanski National Park which teems with wild life and Torun, the home of the revolutionary astronomer tier Copernicus.
In the east, Russia launched an immediate offensive, which was met by capable German generals, who wiped out a Russian army at the Battle of Tannenberg and the Battle of the Masurian Lakes.
Principal battles: Masurian Lakes II (1915); the Somme (1916); Aisne and Champagne (1917).