Matamoros, Mariano(märyä`nō mätämō`rōs), d. 1814, Mexican revolutionist in the war against Spain. He was, like Miguel Hidalgo y CostillaHidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
, 1753–1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, a national hero. A creole intellectual, he was influenced by the French Revolution. As parish priest of the village of Dolores, Hidalgo attempted to improve the lot of the natives.
..... Click the link for more information. and José María Morelos y PavónMorelos y Pavón, José María
, 1765–1815, Mexican leader in the revolution against Spain, a national hero. He was, like Hidalgo y Costilla, a liberal priest.
..... Click the link for more information. , a priest with liberal political opinions. Much harassed by the Spanish authorities after the outbreak of the revolution of 1810, he joined Morelos (1811) and became a prominent military leader. After the defeat of Morelos's army by Agustín de IturbideIturbide, Agustín de
, 1783–1824, Mexican revolutionist, emperor of Mexico (1822–23). An officer in the royalist army, he was sympathetic to independence but took no part in the separatist movement led by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, and in fact helped to
..... Click the link for more information. , Matamoros was captured, demoted from priestly office, and shot.