Also found in: Wikipedia.



two Indonesian states on Java, one existing from the eighth to the 11th century and the other from the 16th to the 18th century.

The first Mataram state, lasting from about 725 to 1042, was formed out of an appanage of the Kalinga state, which had disintegrated. It was an early feudal state with strong elements of Oriental despotism. The ruler was the secular and spiritual head of the state. The dynasties were Hindu; a Buddhist dynasty ruled the state only in the eighth and ninth centuries. The socioeconomic structure was based on the commune. Mataram maintained relations with other parts of the archipelago and with Cambodia, India, and China. In its efforts to expand its territory on Java and gain hegemony over the Malay Archipelago, Mataram clashed with the Sumatran state of Srivajaya at the turn of the 11th century. Airlangga, who came to the throne in 1019, attempted to unite all Java into a single state. Mataram and Srivajaya delineated their spheres of influence: Mataram’s rule was recognized in the central and eastern parts of the archipelago, and Srivajaya’s in the western part. In 1042, Airlangga divided Mataram into two states, Kediri and Djanggala. Many temples were built at the time of the first Mataram state, including Borobudur and Prambanan.

The second Mataram state (1575-1755) arose after a long period of feudal strife which began with the disintegration of Majapahit and the weakening of the coastal city states through Portuguese incursions. Mataram was a developed feudal state and the first large Javanese state ruled by a Muslim dynasty. The centralizing policy of its rulers Senapati (ruled 1575-1601) and Agung (ruled 1613-45) extended the state’s power over central Java as far as Bantam and eastern Java and brought about the destruction of the last Hindu states on Java. In 1641, Agung adopted the title of sultan. He fought unsuccessfully against the Dutch East India Company, besieging Batavia in 1619 and in 1628-29. In the 1670’s the Dutch intervened in the dynastic conflicts, helped the sultanate in its struggle against an uprising led by Trunodjoyo, and placed on the throne their protege, who ceded to the company several important regions of Mataram. The same period also saw a new anti-Dutch uprising led by Surapati, followed by three Javanese wars of succession (1703-05, 1719-23, 1749-55), in which the Dutch actively intervened. As a result Mataram lost the greater part of its possessions and became a vassal of the company. In 1755 it was divided into the states of Jogjakarta and Surakarta, both dependent on the Dutch.


References in periodicals archive ?
Hadi Setiawan of the Bali-based Catholic diocese that oversees churches in Mataram, the biggest city in Lombok, said only two churches there are left standing, "which means at least 12 or 13 churches there have been torched.
Meanwhile, in the West Nusa Tenggara provincial capital of Mataram, where P.
Mataram will be a threat if he can translate his allweather form to grass for which he has a lower rating.
Vande Mataram, a Hindi song first featured in the 1950s movie Anan Mutt, was voted into second place.
In Lombok's capital of Mataram, police fired warning shots at Muslim mobs to prevent them from raiding a police station where about 500 Christians - many of them Indonesian Chinese - had taken refuge.
The CM made the announcement on the margins of laying the foundation for the Haj house and the Vande Mataram hall in the city.
In the upshot, which was nothing less than the outbreak of civil war in Java, bringing in its train widespread death and chaos, the court at Mataram was destroyed, the pusakas lost , Islamic piety weakened amongst the ruling elite and its exemplars killed or put to the sword.
The twin volumes of the book talk about the journey of Vande Mataram from being just a song to becoming the national song.
4 hectares of land on 1000 m above the sea level Mataram Lombak, NTB 60 hectares Citapen Ciawi, West Java 5 hectares Brastagi Brastagi, 6 hectares on land 1000 m North Sumatra above the sea level Lampung Lampung 20 hectares Subang Subang, West Java 60 hectares Name of farms Facilities Sourceagung - Seed production equipment with quality standardization.
In what seemed like a second movement for independence, people in large numbers sang the patriotic song Vande Mataram and shouted slogans "Anna Hazare Hum Tumhare Saath Hai (Anna we are with you) and Corruption Hatao (Eliminate corruption).
OTHER HORSES TO FOLLOW: Aegean Prince, Al Khaleej, Apollo Shark, Cat De Mille, Cheery Cat, Demolition, Flighty Fellow, La Matanza, Malt Or Mash, Mataram, Minority Report, Mystical Ayr, Palmetto Point, Peruvian Prince, Prize Fighter, Sam's Cross, Snowflight, The Cayterers, Treason Trial.
The chestnut proved best in a driving finish to edge out dead-heating pair Tufton and Mataram.