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The meeting of individuals for sexual reproduction.



the coupling of agricultural animals, a means of natural insemination of dams by sires. Mating takes place when the female is in heat. Animals are allowed to mate for the first time when they reach sexual maturity: stallions and mares at the age of three years, bulls and cows at 15 to 18 months, rams and ewes at 12 to 18 months, and boars and sows at ten to 12 months. Animals of early-maturing breeds are mated somewhat earlier than those of late-maturing breeds.

There are several types of mating. Voluntary coupling takes place in herds in which the males and females are kept together at pasture or in pens. Selective mating takes place when males kept separately from the females are paired with certain designated females. This type of mating makes possible selection, increased breeding use of the sire, and the obtaining of offspring during specific periods of the year. In animal breeding, natural mating is replaced by artificial insemination, a more efficient method of insemination.

References in periodicals archive ?
The literature on discrimination in marriage markets identifies two important determinants of female mate selection behavior: identity (mainly race) and income of a potential mate (see Fisman et al.
Moreover, postreform nominees have enjoyed an elongated time frame in which to choose their running mates, which has afforded them considerable time to make use of a variety of political tools besides running mate selection to heal whatever party wounds exist after the primaries.
Furthermore, theories that focus on mate selection within the context of long-term marital relationships may not be applicable to adolescents.
To reduce our vulnerability to this type of deception, men and women may be particularly wary of information related to characteristics important to mate selection, especially information that suggests that the potential partner possesses highly desirable characteristics.
Although offering several plausible explanations, Wilson and Barrett regarded their findings as lending some support to the view of psychoanalytic theory regarding mate selection.
Yet when it came to a mate selection for the gubernatorial race, pre-eminent black politicians in the state were overlooked.
This has resulted in naturally selected, genetically based differences in everything from physical and physiological characteristics, mate selection strategies, parenting styles, communication and interpersonal skills, to cognitive abilities.
Visual mate selection tests demonstrated that endosulfan exposure did not affect visual female Endosulfan treatment Median number Test set (n) (ppb) stayed with male p-Value(a) 1 (30) 0.
Based on data derived from studies of animal behaviour (and Hirundo rustica features prominently), the authors contend that complicated strategies of mate selection, pair-bonding, mate guarding, and, in particular, extra-couple sexual affairs were being enacted.
Although studies have been done on mate selection, there remain many gaps in our understandings of characteristics that draw both men and women to a potential partner (Thiessen & Gress, 1980).
6) The same trend held for the characteristic of ambition-industriousness: in a review of seven studies on sex differences in mate selection criteria, Buss found"large and consistent differences" ("Sex Differences" 344), with women once again placing more emphasis than men on earning potential, ambition, and status.
This did not mean an inevitable female commitment to intense romance, for women paid close attention to their dates' economic standing despite a girls' magazine culture that placed a premium on the mystery of love and on love-based mate selection.