Jan Matejko

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Matejko, Jan

 

Born June 24, 1838, in Kraków; died there Nov. 1, 1893. Polish painter.

Matejko was trained at the School of Fine Arts in Krakow (1852-58) and at the art academies in Munich (1859) and Vienna (1860). From 1860 he worked in Krakow, where he became director of the School of Fine Arts in 1873. He painted chiefly multifigured compositions dealing with important moments in Polish history (often from the Middle Ages), which were commentaries on contemporary political events.

In Matejko’s early works intense and tragic images of patriots are contrasted with those of selfish nobles who betray the nation (Stańczyk, 1862; Skarga’s Sermon, 1864; Rejtan, 1866; all in the National Museum, Warsaw). By using allegory, Matejko protected himself against official criticism (Verdict Against Matejko, 1867; National Museum, Warsaw). His immense, well-composed battle and historical paintings of the 1870’s and 1880’s have an impressive dramatic quality, which, however, often borders on excessive emotion and tends to be overpowered by the setting and historical detail, for example, Bdthory at Pskov (1871-72), The Battle ofGrunwald, (1878, both in the National Museum, Warsaw), The Homage of Prussia (1882), and Kosciuszko at Ractawice (1888, both in the National Museum, Krakow). Some of Matejko’s later works reflect an uncritical attitude toward Polish history. He also painted landscapes and portraits (View of Bebek, Near Constantinople, 1872; Portrait of the Artist’s Children, 1879; both in the L’vov Picture Gallery) and executed a number of murals (St. Mary’s Church, Kraków, 1889-91). Matejko’s work was highly esteemed by such outstanding Russian cultural figures as V. V. Stasov and I. E. Repin.

REFERENCES

Starzinski, J. Jan Matejko. Warsaw, 1962.
Ostrovskii, G. Ian Mateiko. Moscow, 1965.
Treter, M. Matejko. L’vov-Warsaw, 1939.
Bogucki, J. Matejko. Warsaw, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
A student of Jan Matejko, he was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in his home city of Krakow.
Don Matejko, Executive Vice President of Global Sales and Field Operations for SAP Hybris solutions, said: SAP Hybris mission is to enable our customers to stay connected with the frequently shifting needs of their customers and prospects, and enabling organizations to connect the front office and back office in real time linking people, inventory, supply chain, pricing and customers together.
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The book's presentation on the Web site of their institute was advertized with a photo of the 19th century painting "The Union of Lublin" by Jan Matejko.
lenku dailininkas Janas Matejko (18381893) baige tapyti paveiksla Zalgirio musis, kuris per pora metu apkeliavo beveik visa Europa.
He grew up in the shadow of the doomed January Uprising against Russia (1863), and at the beginning of the exhibition, visitors are met by two interpretations of the martyred 'Polonia', one by Wyspianski's mentor Jan Matejko (oil on canvas, 1864), the other by Wyspianski, a stained-glass design of 1894 for the gothic cathedral in Lvov, the capital of Galicia (Fig.
Matejko, The Double Identity of Polish Canadians, 368.
Included in the price: Return flights from East Midlands Airport to Krakow; Return transfers from airport to hotel; Three nights bed and breakfast hotel accommodation at the 3-star Hotel Matejko, staying in a twin-bedded room with private facilities (hotel upgrade available at a supplement); Guided city tour; Government taxes and service charges; Services of a tour manager.
Prominent here are two paintings by Jan Matejko (1838-93), who dominated cultural life in the city in later nineteenth century.
Yet the Polish artist Boznanska faced further prohibitions at home in a socially conservative Krakow, where the reigning master of the fine arts, the historical muralist Jan Matejko, privileged national subjects over all others.