Maternity Leave


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Maternity Leave

 

in the USSR, leave granted to women industrial, office, professional, and kolkhoz workers for a period of 56 calendar days before parturition and 56 calendar days after parturition, with payment of benefits for that period provided by state social insurance. In the event of abnormal childbirth or the birth of two or more children, the leave after parturition is extended to 70 calendar days. Women who adopt newborn children directly from a maternity home are granted leave from the day of adoption until the infant is 56 days old.

Women industrial, office, and professional workers (including those who are not members of trade unions) and members of kolkhozes have the right to maternity benefits regardless of their length of service. Benefits paid (since Dec. 1, 1973) equal total earnings, also regardless of length of service.

After maternity leave, a woman has the option of taking supplementary leave without pay until the infant reaches one year of age. Women who adopt infants directly from maternity homes also have the right to such leave. Women’s jobs are retained for them during this period, and leave time is included as part of total, uninterrupted length of service. Leave time is also included in calculations of length of experience in a particular field.

References in periodicals archive ?
During maternity leave, Sarah would be able to work for up to 10 days.
If maternity leave is increased to nine months, the number of women getting sacked, upon returning to work after using up their maternity leave, will increase much more.
The Australian Public Service Maternity Leave (Australian Government Employees) Act, 1973 provides the first formal paid maternity leave in Australia.
Employees fare better under the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) Employment Law, where they are entitled to a minimum of 65 days maternity leave with full pay for the first 33 days and half-pay for the further 32 days.
Paid maternity leave is not enough to solve the problems of maternity discrimination, gender inequality in the workplace, and lack of representation of women in leadership.
The European Court of Justice ruling comes just months before a new law - the Children and Families Act - enshrines maternity leave for British women who have babies via a surrogate.
You're entitled to 52 weeks' maternity leave, regardless of your length of service and the number of hours you've worked.
Maternity leave if applied for fourth time or beyond will be sanctioned without pay.
In this all-around reference on maternity leave, Gordon (political science, Western Kentucky University) provides legal, political, social, institutional, and organizational perspectives, as well as personal perspectives through the voices of mothers, drawn from interviews with women navigating the often inconsistent maternity leave policies of public and private universities and the pharmaceutical industry.
Summary: Expectant mothers across the country could see their maternity leave extended to 70 days if Parliament approves the measure in a vote this week.
Current laws mean pregnant staff don't have to reveal maternity leave plans, or if and when they plan to return to work.