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a fascist German concentration camp. It was established in July 1938, 4 km from the town of Mauthausen (Austria) as a “branch” of the Dachau concentration camp. It was disaffiliated from the latter in March 1939.

From 1938 to 1945 about 335,000 persons from many countries were imprisoned at Mauthausen. Just on the basis of records that have been preserved, more than 122,000 persons (including more than 32,000 Soviet citizens) were savagely murdered at the camp. At Mauthausen an underground resistance organization, created by Communists and headed by an international camp committee, led a revolt on May 5-7, 1945.

After World War II a memorial museum was established at the site of the Mauthausen camp. In 1948 a monument was erected at Mauthausen for D. M. Karbyshev, who was tortured to death there in February 1945.


SS v deistvii: Dokumenty o prestupleniiakh SS. Moscow, 1960. Pages 284-96. (Translated from German.)
References in periodicals archive ?
At the age of 9, Tarkay and his family were sent to the Mathausen Concentration Camp by the Nazis until Allied liberation freed them a year later.
Even so, she was sent to concentration camps in Mathausen and Ravensbruck, where she was close to death at the end of the war.
The sons were sent to the labour camp at Mathausen and Gusen to work in the stone quarries.
Auschwitz, Sosnowiec, Czortkow, Czernowitz, Lodz, Riga, Cluj, Kosice, Kovno, Krakow, DachauKaufering, Mathausen .
Incredibly, Betty and her family managed to survive the Mathausen camp where they suffered terrible treatment.
Her family, Richie's family, all Jews, victims of the occupying Nazis who turned their city into a killing ground; the death march to Mathausen concentration camp; after the war her despairing search for Richie, only to find his name on a list of those butchered at Auschwitz.
Born in 1935, at the age of 9, Tarkay and his family were sent to the Mathausen Concentration Camp, until Allied liberation freed them a year later.
Slovakian-born Alexander Schweidler, 78, had a shameful past as a guard at the Mathausen concentration camp in Austria.

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