Matamoros

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Matamoros,

city (1990 pop. 266,055), Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, near the mouth of the Rio Grande, opposite BrownsvilleBrownsville,
city (1990 pop. 98,962), seat of Cameron co., extreme S Tex., on the Rio Grande c.17 mi (30 km) from its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico; inc. 1850. It is an important port of entry across the river from Matamoros, Mexico.
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, Tex. Matamoros, linked by rail and highway with the United States, is an international trading center and a point of entry. The city is the center of an agricultural region that has become increasingly industrialized. Foreign-owned manufacturing plants, known as maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, proliferated in the area and constitute a dominant part of the economy. Founded in 1700 as San Juan de los Esteros, the city was renamed in 1851 in honor of the leader for Mexican independence Mariano MatamorosMatamoros, Mariano
, d. 1814, Mexican revolutionist in the war against Spain. He was, like Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and José María Morelos y Pavón, a priest with liberal political opinions.
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. Noted for its heroic defense against numerous U.S. adventurers during the 19th cent., the city fell to the forces of Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War in 1846.

Matamoros

 

a city in northeastern Mexico on the US border. Located in the state of Tamaulipas near the mouth of the Rio Bravo del Norte. Population, 182,900 (1970). Matamoros has a railroad station and is a highway junction. With irrigation the region around Matamoros has become a major cotton-growing area. There are cotton textile, chemical, and food-processing industries.

Matamoros

a port in NE Mexico, on the R?o Grande: scene of bitter fighting during the US-Mexican War; centre of a cotton-growing area. Pop.: 481 000 (2005 est.)