Matronalia


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Matronalia

March 1
Also known as the Matronales Feriae, the Matronalia was an ancient Roman festival in honor of Juno, the goddess of women. It was observed on March 1, the day on which her temple was dedicated. The cult of Juno was established by the king of the Sabines, Titus Tatius, and the Matronalia celebrated not only the sacredness of marriage as an institution but the peace that followed the first marriages that took place between Roman men and Sabine women.
It was customary for married women to form a procession to Juno's temple, where offerings were made to the goddess. At home, women received gifts from their husbands on this day and held feasts for their female slaves. They also prayed for marital peace and harmony.
SOURCES:
FestRom-1981, p. 85
OxClassDict-1970, p. 569
OxYear-1999, p. 102
References in periodicals archive ?
The ancient Romans also had another holiday, Matronalia, that was specifically dedicated to Juno, although mothers were usually given gifts.
29) Griffin 1997:54-69 suggests that Horace celebrates the Matronalia.
The speaker here insinuates that Mars, visiting his temple on March 1 to attend the Matronalia, might well fall in love with Sulpicia, forgetting about Venus in the process:
En este articulo, se analiza el culto de Juno Lucina y la fiesta femenina de Matronalia como claros exponentes del estereotipo de la mujer-madre, a quien se recluye en el ambito domestico.
In this paper we will attempt analyse the cult of Juno Lucina and the Matronalia feast are clear examples of the stereotype of the woman-mother who is recluded in the domestic space.
El analisis del culto de la diosa de los alumbramientos, Juno Lucina, los ritos que protagonizaban las devotas que asistian al templo del Esquilino en el acto publico y el ambiente ludico, incluso trasgresor, que predominaba en las celebraciones domesticas propias de las Matronalia nos ilustran sobre la consideracion del matrimonio y la maternidad en la antigua Roma a traves de la propaganda religiosa.
En este sentido, el culto a Juno Lucina y la fiesta de Matronalia representan un ejemplo elocuente de los mecanismos utilizados para definir el papel de las mujeres.
Paradojicamente, la fiesta de Matronalia, de la que sobresale la exaltacion de los papeles femeninos tradicionales y representados por la diosa Juno Lucina como protectora de las parturientas, se celebraba en el mes dedicado a Marte y a la guerra, inequivoca actividad masculina en la antiguedad.
Ha de resaltarse que las Matronalia marcaban el comienzo del ano segun el calendario lunar, a partir de la reforma atribuida a Numa Pompilio, y en el mismo dia era invocada a Marte por parte de los sacerdotes-soldados o salios.
Sin embargo, ha de resaltarse que, si bien el ritual de Matronalia incluye a las matronas, no se especifica su condicion maternal, por lo que no debia ser requisito imprescindible para participar en los rituales.
La trascendencia social, y no solo religiosa, de que disfruto la fiesta de Matronalia asi parece evidenciarlo.
Formby and District Flower Club, demonstration, Matronalia, by Christine Leigh of Stockport, Royal British Legion, Oakleaf Hall, Whitehouse Lane, 7.