Matronalia


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Matronalia

March 1
Also known as the Matronales Feriae, the Matronalia was an ancient Roman festival in honor of Juno, the goddess of women. It was observed on March 1, the day on which her temple was dedicated. The cult of Juno was established by the king of the Sabines, Titus Tatius, and the Matronalia celebrated not only the sacredness of marriage as an institution but the peace that followed the first marriages that took place between Roman men and Sabine women.
It was customary for married women to form a procession to Juno's temple, where offerings were made to the goddess. At home, women received gifts from their husbands on this day and held feasts for their female slaves. They also prayed for marital peace and harmony.
SOURCES:
FestRom-1981, p. 85
OxClassDict-1970, p. 569
OxYear-1999, p. 102
References in periodicals archive ?
The ancient Romans also had another holiday, Matronalia, that was specifically dedicated to Juno, although mothers were usually given gifts.
29) Griffin 1997:54-69 suggests that Horace celebrates the Matronalia.
Formby and District Flower Club, demonstration, Matronalia, by Christine Leigh of Stockport, Royal British Legion, Oakleaf Hall, Whitehouse Lane, 7.